Medicine has many conditions and diseases that are similar to each other. And an inexperienced person sometimes finds it difficult to understand all this. That is why in this article I want to talk about such a problem as the episyndrom. What is it and how does this condition differ from epilepsy.
Initially, we need to understand what exactly the next speech will be about. So, episindrom: what is it and what are the features of this state? Speaking correctly, the episyndrome is the abbreviated name for symptomatic epilepsy. In fact, this is not an independent disease, but a consequence of a certain ailment. It is called so solely because it has many similar symptoms with a disease such as epilepsy.
What is epilepsy? So, this is a neuro-mental disease of a chronic nature. Characterized by special mental changes, as well as seizures. Very serious disease, which requires constant medication and regular visits to doctors.
Considering such diseases as episyndrome and epilepsy, what is the difference between these problems is what is important to tell. After all, it is though similar in the symptomatology of the disease, but, nevertheless, they differ significantly. If to speak briefly and as simply as possible, the episyndrome is a problem that is easier and easier than epilepsy. Symptomatic, albeit similar, but all the signs are manifested in varying degrees. Also, one should not forget that episyndrome is a consequence of a previously diagnosed disease, and epilepsy is an independent disease that, in addition, affects the neuropsychic system. But that's not all. We further consider such diseases as episoderm and epilepsy. What is the difference between these problems yet? So, doctors say that in the first case the problem is acquired after a previous illness. In the second case, epilepsy is often an innate problem, although it can also be acquired.
First, I want to give a little attention to such a problem as epilepsy (the episyndrom will be considered a little later). So, it should be noted that this is a chronic disease of the brain, which is characterized by bouts. The first symptoms can be manifested in early childhood (5-7 years) or in adolescence (12-13 years) in case of congenital disease. In this scenario, the disease is well treated and the patient can completely stop taking the pills after a while. With secondary epilepsy (another type of disease) that develops as a result of trauma, illness, infection or other cause, treatment may be more difficult. And not always it is possible to cope completely with a problem.
So, episindrom. What it is? As mentioned above, this is symptomatic epilepsy. That is, a person begins to suffer from seizures, which, however, are provoked by a completely different disease. After getting rid of the root cause, these seizures simply disappear. The causes of this disease can be very different:
- Craniocerebral injury.
- Tumors or other brain damage.
- Various birth trauma, including hypoxia (lack of oxygen).
- Fainting states.
- Various diseases, such as sclerosis of the hippocampus (death of neurons) or collapse (acute cardiovascular failure).
Symptomatic of the episode
How does the episindrom appear? Symptoms for this problem are focal. That is, the manifestations of the disease depend on where the zone of destruction is located .
Eisindrrom frontal. In this case, seizures will be accompanied by the following conditions:
- The patient can be strained and stretched limbs.
- The patient can involuntarily smack, chew, roll up his eyes. Involuntary salivation can occur.
- There may be a painful and sharp contraction of the muscles of the limbs or face.
- Sometimes there are aromatic hallucinations.
Temporal episindrom. In this case, the disease manifests itself as follows:
- There may be hallucinations of sight, smell, hearing.
- There are mood jumps from euphoric sensations to dysphoria.
- Can obsessive thoughts, sleepwalking, a feeling of deja vu.
The dark state is characterized by the following states:
- Patients often complain of numbness in certain areas of the body.
- There is a violation of consciousness, a fading glance.
- Sometimes there is disorientation and dizziness.
Symptomatic of epilepsy
How does a chronic illness such as epilepsy manifest itself? With this disease, scientists identify a whole complex of symptoms:
- Mental disorders. It can be both a darkening, and a complete disconnection of consciousness, amnesia, vegetative disorders, psychoses.
- Personality changes. The character, way of thinking changes, emotional frustration can arise, memory and intellect decrease, mood and mood change.
Symptoms for this disease is actually very, very much. However, they all influence the personality of a person by changing it. In the case of an episodrom, this occurs in a very small fraction.
It is very important to diagnose epilepsy or episindrom in children in a timely manner. It is for this purpose that the children should be closely watched not only at home, but also in educational institutions. So, with the first symptoms of the child you need to send for a survey. And if epinepsy is "told" seizures (convulsions, fainting), then epilepsy is a more dangerous and serious disease when there are changes in personal characteristics and mental processes. So, the first alarming indices of epilepsy in children are as follows:
- There can be both restlessness and increased activity, and a completely opposite state - inertia and inhibition.
- Children can be characterized by negativity, stubbornness.
- Often children become violent, their behavior is side by side with sadistic.
- Actions of children are destructive, aggressive. They can be directed not only to others, but also to oneself (autoaggression).
It is also important to note that if children with an episodrom can be trained in general educational institutions, in most cases, in epilepsy, children need to study at home.
It should also be noted that the diagnosis of "episendrum" is not final. This is a part of the general diagnosis, a complex of symptoms. So you can cope with the problem only if you exclude the root cause. How can you diagnose episyndrom? For this, today there are two basic and maximally informative methods:
- CT. The basis is the use of X-rays. However, X-ray differs in higher quality of the resulting image.
- MRI. In this case, the human body is not exposed to radiation. A strong magnetic field works here.
These methods help the doctor to identify with a diagnosis and exclude other brain damage. But the electroencephalogram is able not only to fix the seizures themselves, but also to determine the place of their localization.
Considering such a problem as episyndrome, treatment - that's what you also want to tell. It is worth noting that it begins only after the recurrence of the attack and the correct diagnosis. Important: Therapy should only take place under the supervision of a doctor. Self-medication in this case is unacceptable. So, among the medicines the doctors prescribe the drug "Carbamazepine" or "Valproat" most often. Dosage may be increased due to a lack of therapeutic effect. If after a month of improvement is not observed, the doctor can add more drugs such as Topiramate, Lamotrigine, and Levetiracetam. This treatment should help. If, after the last attack for five years, the person did not see a return of the problem or aggravation of the condition, then the use of medication can be completed.
Considering such problems as epilepsy and episendrum (what is it, it is told above), it should be noted that these are very serious diseases. You can not cope with them on your own. Moreover, the treatment will be very long and can take up most of life. However, do not despair. People with similar problems can normally socialize and benefit society. But only with adequate treatment.