Calcivirus infection or calciviroz in a cat is an acute disease. It is accompanied by a sudden increase in body temperature in the animal and the damage to the mucous respiratory tract. Infection is quickly transmitted and is contagious.
The main source of the disease are sick animals both with bright signs of the disease, and with a latent form. They excrete the virus into the environment not only from the nasal and oral cavity, but also with urine and feces. Therefore, it is safe to say that calciticosis in a cat appears during transmission not only by contact, but also by food, and aerogenic. Especially susceptible to this disease are young animals from 1 month to 2 years. Most often, the disease manifests itself in the cold season.
The first signs of infection can be easily identified. This is primarily a discharge from the eyes and nose. Gums are also inflamed, and they acquire an unnatural pale pink color. In a later period of the disease, ulcers can be seen in the oral cavity, while the cat begins to cough. Vomiting and difficulty with bowel movement are noted, the sick animal suffers from diarrhea, then constipation.
Often, this disease is an epidemic. Where several animals live at once, the disease is quickly transmitted by air. It is not necessary to believe that if a cat does not have access to the street and lives only in an apartment, then the calciviroz is not afraid of it. The owners can very easily bring the virus into the house on the sole of the shoe. That is why at the first suspicions it is necessary to immediately lead the animal to an appointment with a veterinarian. Of course, the opinion that calcitvirus of cats is dangerous to humans is mistaken, but it is still worth observing all the sanitary rules for keeping pets.