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Diet for urticaria in children and adults. Diet № 5

Urticaria is a disease in which red inflammations and blisters appear on the skin, causing itching and burning. For recovery, great importance is played by a diet with hives. The menu of a sick person should exclude all products that cause an allergic reaction. Only proper nutrition along with the intake of medicines prescribed by a doctor can ensure the speedy disposal of unpleasant symptoms. The diet for hives should contain only hypoallergenic products, but at the same time provide a balance of substances necessary for the body.

Products prohibited for consumption in hives

The list of what can not be eaten with urticaria, contains primarily allergens, to which the body reacts. Products that cause an allergic reaction are divided into groups depending on the degree of risk.

First of all, a diet for hives should exclude consumption:

  • Eggs;
  • Sweets (honey, chocolate, sweets, confectionery);
  • Smoked meat and other meat semi-finished products;
  • Carbonated and alcoholic beverages;
  • coffee;
  • Canned products;
  • Some vegetables (tomatoes, red pepper, eggplant, beets);
  • Citrus fruits and fruits of red and orange color;
  • Flour products;
  • Nuts.

The second group of foods includes less allergenic food, but requires some caution in use. These products include potatoes, green peppers, peaches, corn, fatty meats.

Features of baby food in case of hives disease

The diet for urticaria in children is more severe than with adult illness, since the immunity of the child is weaker and is prone to an allergic reaction. The set of prohibited products depends on the severity of the disease and on the age of the baby. After recovering for a few more weeks, you should exclude foods that can cause allergies.

The diet for urticaria in children consists of cereal, green vegetables, boiled or steamed. Many nutritionists are allowed to prepare compotes from dried fruits. But first they must be carefully soaked and remember that dried apricots and raisins can cause an allergic reaction.

Dairy products with a low fat content and without artificial additives are allowed. Boiled lean meat is also included in the menu of a sick child.

If the symptoms of urticaria have appeared in the baby on breastfeeding, then it is necessary to exclude allergen products from the mother's diet.

Diet for urticaria in adults

The list of allowed products for hives for adults and children is almost the same. The diet for urticaria in adults consists of boiled low-fat meat, porridge cooked on water, stewed vegetables, not included in the number of banned. Milk can not be added to food, but it is allowed to include kefir and other dairy products in the diet. Many nutritionists refer fish to prohibited foods for urticaria, but, according to others, low-fat varieties can be eaten.

It is allowed to drink juices, but only home-made from tolerable fruits and vegetables.

Instead of bread, it is better to buy diet breads or biscuits.

During illness it is recommended to drink as much pure pure carbonated water as possible, and refuse strong tea.

Some doctors in the acute phase of the disease recommend that you generally give up food for a few days. But prolonged fasting with parallel taking of medications that can not be taken on an empty stomach can lead to negative health consequences.

What is useful for hives

When urticaria is a food, it is useful to eat foods rich in antioxidants (berries, green tea). Whole-grain bread and cereals (buckwheat, oatmeal, brown rice) due to the high content of B vitamins is also better to add to the diet.

To successfully recover from the menu, you must include foods rich in zinc. Such products include: celery, dates, asparagus, beef, sesame seeds.

Products-sources of fatty acids Omega-3 - another element of the system of healthy nutrition with hives. Sea fish, flax seeds, soybeans are products not only containing Omega-3, but many other important substances for the healthy functioning of the body, they will be useful to the patient.

Since the emergence of urticaria may cause a shortage in the body of magnesium, it is useful to add brown rice, avocado, beans and lentils to the menu. These products are sources of magnesium and help the body cope with the infection.

Products with a high content of vitamin C will increase the body's resistance to infection and help to cope faster with hives. Especially in large quantities, this vitamin is found in dark green vegetables.

How to make a menu for a patient with hives

Making up a menu for a patient with urticaria, you must first identify the allergen. For this, a person who is ill can try to eat on an empty stomach in the morning a certain product and follow the reaction of the body. If no allergic rashes occur within a few hours, the product can be added to the diet.

Planning the menu, it is necessary to take into account the body's need for trace elements and vitamins, while excluding prohibited products. Also, the diet depends on the stage of the disease, with acute urticaria, food is limited to several types of products that do not cause an allergic reaction.

To make up the menu, you can use the nutrition regime developed by dietitians for each day. An example of such a system of therapeutic nutrition is table number 5. The diet contributes to the recovery of the body in violation of the functioning of internal organs and restores the body.

During the entire period of the disease, it is necessary to consult with the attending physician and coordinate with him a hypoallergenic menu, especially in the case of urticaria in the child.

Features of the diet (table number 5) with a urticaria

Table № 5 - diet, developed by a Soviet dietician, aimed at treating the body with diseases of the stomach, liver, biliary tract. The main purpose of the diet is to create a full-fledged diet that does not overwork the internal organs and restore their healthy functioning.

The basis of the diet consists of vegetable soups, boiled cereals, beef meat (low-fat), young turkey and chicken. Therefore, it will be useful to maintain a diet for hives, eliminating some possible allergens. All products are steamed or boiled. The food that makes up such a diet is easily digested and has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the body.

Nutrition tips for hives

The diet for urticaria should be based on food cooked in steamed or boiled. Before cooking the groats, it is necessary to soak for 12-16 hours. Meat before consumption is better to boil twice.

With chronic urticaria it is more convenient to make a diary of nutrition to fix the name and quantity of all consumed products. The maintenance of such a diary helps identify allergen products and gradually introduce new products that do not cause an allergic reaction.

During the acute phase of the disease, it is better to refuse to eat during the day and drink only non-carbonated water. In the future, with the onset of relief, it is recommended that some time be prepared from light vegetable soups and cereals.

The intake of a complex of vitamins during the period of the disease is possible only when agreed with the doctor.

Nutrition after recovery

After recovering some time it is necessary to adhere to the old diet and introduce new products into the menu very carefully to avoid a recurrence of the disease.

Strict diet is not required, but any contact, even mechanical, with the product-allergen should be avoided. Be careful of any additives and dyes, choosing only natural products.

In the subsequent it is necessary to inform the doctors about the hives, as some medicines can cause the recurrence of the disease.

When using cosmetics, it is better to choose hypoallergenic. Also, whenever possible, limit contact with household chemicals or use natural cleaners.

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