Correct styling. Sidewalk tile as a modern covering

Laying paving slabs is a process that takes place in several stages. Initially, it is necessary to determine the shape of the tile itself, its coloring, including the composition of the color of the composition, the purpose of the site on which the styling will be done, its dimensions and so on. After determining these norms, you can start working. The pledge of reliability and durability of the coating is the correct styling. Sidewalk tiles during operation are subjected to high loads and the influence of climatic conditions, and that is why the above process needs to be approached properly.

The soil is always different, and that is why it is necessary to determine the layers of the substrate under the tile, their thickness and species. This directly affects the condition of the coating and its reliability. As a rule, the main layer is a gravel-sand cushion, if the conditions are more complex, then pour the concrete foundation. To him are high demands - the surface must be carefully planned, calibrated to the level taking into account the slopes for water drainage. Laying patterns for paving slabs can be different (with built-in patterns, etc.).

Gravel and sand cushion. Stacking

Sidewalk tiles are laid on the planned site. It is necessary to measure it, make a plan, determine the number of tiles and materials for the base. As an expendable material is meant sand, cement, crushed stone or gravel. The site is divided into zones by means of pegs and twine according to the previously drawn up plan.

The first step is the excavation of the soil on which the laying will take place. In this case, it should be borne in mind that the surface of the coating (the front of the tile) protrudes above the site by forty centimeters. If there is a laying of communications in this place, it is necessary to take care of this beforehand. Otherwise, paving will have to be disassembled, which will lead to waste of time and money. Laying (paving slab has different areas of use), gravel or rubble is carried out by a layer 10-15 cm thick for pedestrian paths and 15-20 centimeters for car parking. After this, the layer is rammed by a vibrating rammer.

To prevent the sand from spilling through the rubble, a layer of geosynthetic material is laid. It can be of different brands. When choosing it, it is necessary to be guided by future loads. Then the layer of sand (40-45 centimeters) is laid down with the subsequent ramming. After that, you need to reconcile the surface using the rule.

Laying tiles

The cement-sand mixture is prepared in proportions of 1 to 5 and is laid in a layer of 30-50 centimeters and is rammed. Laying (paving tiles should be free of defects, chips and cracks) is carried out on an absolute flat and maximum dense surface by hands, in case of fuzzy coincidence with neighboring elements can be trimmed with a rubber hammer. Alignment by level is performed relative to neighboring elements. It is recommended to leave a gap between the tiles in 1-2 millimeters, for this, construction crosses are used.

Laying is done from the corner with whole bars. In difficult areas, if this is required, and the whole element does not fit, it is cut off by the Bulgarian. When the process is completed, the paved surface is sprinkled with fine sand and the gaps between the tiles with a mop with a rigid pile are rubbed.

The cost of laying paving slabs depends on the complexity of the work, from the area of the site. Spending on this process will pay off with interest, because well-paved paths will last you for many years.

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