Everyone knows that it is necessary to teach and develop a child from diapers, that is, from the youngest age. However, it is still most interesting to do this with children who are already at least 3-5 years old. That is why in this article I want to talk about how classes can be built in kindergarten and what subjects can be chosen for this.
It is always necessary to teach a child and everything - this thesis will not cause any doubt. However, it is better to do all this in a complex, giving the kids as much knowledge as possible using one topic. That is why I want to say that the most popular today is the integrated and integrated classes in the kindergarten, which are designed to immediately teach the child several important aspects of life or to give knowledge from different areas of life. Subjects in this case can be completely different, but always understandable and interesting carapaces.
So, what is integrated training in kindergarten? This training of toddlers, which is aimed at revealing the whole essence of this topic through various activities. Comprehensive same occupation is similar in its purpose, but its purpose is to consistently study the nuances of one topic, which subsequently forms one big new picture of knowledge. However, it is worthwhile to pay attention to the fact that the positive result in these sessions will be achieved only when their structure is clearly thought out, and the material will be accessible for understanding a child of a certain age.
It is worth mentioning that integrated and integrated activities in the kindergarten do not have age limits and restrictions, they are available for work with both the nursery group and the oldest, pre-school. If the teacher can correctly structure the process of conducting the lesson, children of any age will gladly accept the material and in the form of a game they will receive new knowledge for themselves. However, when planning such a lesson, it is important for the provider to observe the following recommendations:
- Preliminary need to thoroughly work with the theme: from every sphere of life of the child "extract" the nuances of the given topic.
- It is necessary to identify and provide to the kids links between different subjects that relate to one topic.
- You must also be able to vary the sequence of topics, if necessary.
- It is also important to take into account specific nuances in a certain topic (it happens that some moments for individual kids can be traumatic).
- When planning the classes, it is necessary to formulate a goal and set certain tasks (this is important for the analysis of an activity already conducted).
- And, of course, the teacher should simulate such a load for the child, so that she was not a burden and not too tired a baby.
How to choose a theme?
The themes of classes in kindergarten can be completely different. And in order to decide with them, the educator should just think carefully about what is actual at the moment or whether the kids are most interested in them. If it's autumn - you can study the leaves, if winter - choose a New Year theme. However, the selected topic can consist of a single concept, that is, the name of a particular animal or product, or a generalized one, for example, "forest" (which includes trees, animals, etc.) or "shop" (Goods, buyer-seller, money, price, etc.).
Theme 1. Variety of leaves
So, what can you teach the kids, studying this subject. The first is the geometric forms. Leaflets come with corners, round, oval. You can also analyze the thickness, necessarily - the color. In this case, you can tell the child that there are leaves of trees, bushes, plants (different types of flora). Children can also be told that there are healer plants that can be used directly during a walk (for example, a plantain with a bleeding wound), as well as predator plants that can harm the health. After that, you can make an application from the leaves collected on the street or draw a picture of the leaf you like.
Topic 2. Christmas tree
As already mentioned above, developmental activities for children can be seasonal. For example, why not close to the new year to conduct an excellent integrated lesson called "Elka"? So, here first of all you need to study the shape, the color of this plant, determine the special characteristics (smell, thorny needles). In this case, the children can be told that there are different kinds of coniferous trees - all these are the relatives of the Christmas tree. From practical lessons: you can make a tree of three cones of green paper, you can draw it, fashion it. The ecological moment will be obligatory: "Why the Christmas trees are sad after the New Year".
Theme 3. The snail
What other topic can I choose for the DOW class? And why not pay attention to the common snail? First of all, again, we are considering its interesting form, the definition of color. Also here you can tell the guys about the concept of speed: the snail is slow, the hare is fast. Practical lesson: to paint a snail on the asphalt. For children of older kindergarten groups, you can play a game by the classics type, when in the cochlea you draw squares, on which you need to jump to the center, without stepping on the drawn stripes.
It should also be said that open classes in the DOW are an excellent idea to show in practice how relevant and valuable are the integrated and integrated lessons. For this you can think over the most interesting topic, which at the moment will be relevant. It is better if classes on a certain topic will be conducted in an appropriate atmosphere: studying nature - on the street, physical exercises - in the gym, etc. It should be said that it is necessary during such exercises (both simple and Indicative) should be used visual material, which will fully illustrate everything said by the tutor. After all, it is worth remembering that children perceive information from different sides: audially (listen), visually (see), tactile (touch).