In a healthy woman, a normal menstrual cycle lasts an average of 28 days. In some women, this period can be reduced to 21 days, in others - increased to 35 days. The timely arrival of menstruation testifies to the correct, harmonious work of the reproductive system and the whole organism as a whole. However, the arrival of menstruation always at the same time is a rare phenomenon. At least that's what medical statistics say.
The disorders of the menstrual cycle that arise in many women can be due to various factors. In the event that this behavior of the body is observed for the first time, it is not necessary to attach too much importance to it. Perhaps you were too nervous over the last month, had poor nutrition or had an infection. The absence of monthly on-time or, on the contrary, their early arrival should cause concern if they are accompanied by abdominal pains, unpleasant vaginal discharge and other symptoms indicative of the current disease of the reproductive system. The absence of menstruation, accompanied by a slight nausea and an increase in mammary glands, in turn, may indicate a pregnancy that has occurred.
In most cases, violations of the menstrual cycle is usually called dysfunction of the ovaries - a condition in which these organs for any reason cease to produce the necessary amount of hormones for the normal functioning of the body. This can happen due to damage or abnormal development of the ovaries themselves, inflammatory diseases of internal female genital organs, tumors and other pathologies of the uterus, violations of the endocrine system (diabetes, excess weight, hypothyroidism). In addition, dysfunction of the ovaries can be caused by prolonged depression or stress.
Violations of the menstrual cycle against the background of malfunctioning of the ovaries may have the character of amenorrhea - Complete cessation of menstruation, or oligomenorrhea - scanty unstable menstruation, coming with an interval of 40 days or more.
In addition, some changes in the nature of the course of the menstruation itself also indicate ovarian dysfunction. If not a violation, a deviation from the norm is considered hypomenorrhea - very meager and short menstruation, menorrhagia - menstruation, lasting for 8-10 days and accompanied by a large loss of blood, algodismenorea - very painful menstruation.
Recognize dysfunction of the ovaries can be on the following symptoms: the irregularity of menstruation in a woman who is at reproductive age, bleeding from the vagina in the middle of the cycle, unforeseen uterine bleeding, characteristic pain in the abdomen, not during menstruation, but before or during the middle of the cycle, problems With conceiving and carrying a child.
Persistent violations of the menstrual cycle can become an obstacle to pregnancy, because the malfunction of the ovaries in most cases is accompanied by a violation of the maturation of the egg and its release from the ovary. The result of such activities of these bodies is infertility or spontaneous abortion.
In the event that you feel that something is going wrong with your body, you should definitely visit a gynecologist. The specialist will establish the exact causes of the menstrual cycle and, if necessary, select the right treatment.
As already mentioned, dysfunction of the ovaries can be caused by pathologies that are not related to the work of the reproductive system of the body. Therefore, faced with a similar problem, you need to be ready for the fact that you may have to undergo examination by an endocrinologist, MRI and EEG of the brain, ultrasound of some internal organs, to pass a number of tests, including for the presence of infections. Treatment is appointed taking into account the identified diseases. Normalization of the menstrual cycle is facilitated by the intake of hormonal drugs that also protect against unplanned pregnancy. In the event that pregnancy is desirable, the specialist selects a different treatment scheme strictly individually.