Cabbage is a very useful and tasty product. It can be consumed fresh almost all the year round. Especially delicious cabbage, grown by own hands. When choosing varieties, hybrid hybrids are increasingly preferred for their high yields. One of them is Valentina F1 cabbage.
Characteristics of varieties
Cabbage belongs to the family cruciferous. This plant, the full cycle of which is two years. But only the plants of the first year of life consume food. They form a rosette of smooth leaves, which are very tightly adjacent to each other and form a head. The stem becomes thick. He is called a mare, a fagot.
In the second year the cabbage blooms and gives seeds. Flowers are small in the form of crosses yellow. Pollinated by bees and insects. Easily interbreed with other types of cabbage. Seeds are round, dark brown in color, are placed in the pods. Grow cabbage on the seeds of the house - it's a troublesome business. And if it's a hybrid, then it's also useless. After all, the seeds of hybrids do not retain their maternal qualities.
In the days of Pythagoras, who grew cabbage, there were no more than ten varieties. In the XIX century there were already about thirty. Now there are hundreds of varieties of cabbage. There are different types: color, broccoli, savoy, leaf, Brussels, kohlrabi, white-headed. The latter is distinguished by the presence of a juicy white or light green head.
White cabbage has different maturation periods:
- Early ripening ripens 60 days after planting seedlings. It is soft, juicy, has a loose head and is used to make salads. It is unsuitable for souring. Seedlings of early varieties differ in lighter and bright salad color.
- Middle-aged are ready for use after 75 days. Of them, too, are preparing salads. They can be sour, but for a short time.
- The middle-ripening ripens in 80 days. They are used fresh in autumn and early in winter. Kvashit two or three months after harvest. Seedlings have dark green leaves.
- The average late give finished products 105 days after planting.
- Late ripening women are ready for use in 170-180 days.
The varieties of the last two groups are well preserved until the new harvest and retain almost all the vitamins and nutrients. It is to the late-maturing cabbage Valentine F1.
The cabbage of such cabbage is round, slightly oval, which is also called obovate. The mass of one head, about 3 kilograms, has a white cabbage Valentine F1. Testimonials of truck drivers indicate that sometimes its weight reaches five kilograms.
It is well kept for 9 months. Cabbage Valentine F1 (description on a cut) a cob has a short. The color of the leaves is gray-green, with a strong waxy coating. Cabbage Valentine F1, the description of which we are considering, has a light green tight head. The color inside is white, a little greenish.
Cabbage is a frost-resistant crop. It easily tolerates spring frosts. In autumn can withstand the temperature drop to -5 degrees.
It is suitable for consumption in raw form, as well as for pickling and pickling Valentine F1 cabbage. Reviews of consumers advise from her leaves to cook cabbage rolls. True, the head is tight, therefore it is difficult to remove the whole sheet. For this purpose, the head is dropped for a minute into hot water. The leaf becomes soft and easily separated.
A lot of tasty, healthy and low-calorie dishes are prepared from cabbage. From them, you definitely will not gain weight. Caloric content of cabbage - 24 kcal per 100 g.
The composition of cabbage includes many chemical elements necessary for the body to maintain normal life. It contains amino acids, a wide variety of vitamins, including vitamin U, which prevents the formation of ulcers. A very large amount of vitamin C, which is a part of cabbage in the form of indissoluble in the heat treatment of ascorbicum, makes it simply an indispensable vegetable in our diet. And if you consider the availability of a vegetable, then do not use it - it's just a sin. Especially valuable are late-ripening varieties, including cabbage Valentine F1, which retains ascorbic acid until the appearance of spring greens.
Fiber, which is large in cabbage, regulates the activity of the gastrointestinal tract. Its juice has an anti-inflammatory effect, heals wounds. But with the aggravation of diseases of these organs, with colic, pancreatitis, one can not consume a vegetable.
Cabbage reduces the level of cholesterol in the blood, makes the walls of blood vessels strong. Therefore, it is a simple and effective means for treating atherosclerosis.
People with a disease of the cardiovascular system are shown the use of cabbage, since the salts of potassium, included in its composition, remove excess liquid from the body.
Cabbage, thanks to low calorie, helps to lose weight. It is useful for people with diabetes. After all, its juice normalizes the processes of metabolism in the body, strengthens the nervous system.
Cabbage Valentine F1 grows well in light areas with rich soil, neutral or slightly acidic. Feels good and in partial shade. She loves loams and peaty marshy soils. But the overmoisture suffers poorly. Prepare the soil in the autumn. To do this, make it humus, liming. The best predecessors will be cucumbers, potatoes or beans. After them, cabbage yields a good harvest and is not sick. Opinions of farmers say that it can be grown in greenhouses. There it also gives a decent harvest.
Later varieties are sown in late March-early April. In a greenhouse or a box at a depth of 1 cm immerse the seeds, and then watered and installed in a warm place. About a week later shoots appear. This is also the cabbage of Valentine F1. Reviews say that seeds have a germination rate of about 100%. In the phase of the cotyledons, they are dived into another bowl. Plant a plant with four real leaves at the end of May, 40 days after sowing. They are placed on a bed in a 60 × 60 pattern. Allowed to land on a scheme of 70 × 50. Dip into the ground to the first real leaf. Then quickly take root in a new place cabbage Valentine F1.
Comments of some vegetable farmers are advised to sow cabbage to a permanent place in the holes, covering, if necessary, with a film or agrofiber from frost. They stack several seeds. Then superfluous (if such will be) dive into other holes. The reviews argue that plants that do not replant need less watering. But other gardeners say that when diving a part of the root comes off, causing its growth in width, rather than deep into it. This contributes to the formation of a larger head.
Cabbage is a plant that needs regular watering. It is especially necessary to replenish the moisture reserve during the formation of the head. The area on which cabbage grows is regularly weeded from weeds, loosened to improve the aeration. Sprinkle the soil with ashes to prevent the occurrence of aphids and cabbage fleas.
First time the fertilizing is carried out after the appearance of the second present leaf. Next time - a couple of days before landing on a permanent place.
From the appearance of the first shoots to harvesting takes place from 140 to 180 days. Harvest cabbage varieties Valentine F1 in the last decade of September and the first ten days of October. Do not think that the longer the cabbage lasts on the bed, the better it will be stored. Testimonials gardeners indicate that after cold rains, it can become saturated with moisture and crack.
The yield of cabbage is high. Although it depends on weather conditions and care, the average yield is 70-80 tons per hectare, other sources indicate 85-120 tons / ha. Opinions of truck drivers indicate that the cabbages are very large. Therefore, they have been growing this variety for many years.
Diseases and pests
Resistant to the main diseases of cabbage Valentine F1. Comments gardeners claim that it is almost not affected by a whale, black leg and fusarial wilting. Nevertheless, preventive measures are being taken. To ensure that the seedling is not damaged by the black leg, it is not waterlogged. To prevent the keel (formation of growths on the root), the soil is limed. They observe a crop rotation: they do not plant cabbage for four years at the place where cruciferous plants grew . It's salads, radish, radish, mustard.
From the powdery mildew protection will protect the treatment with a solution of the Bordeaux liquid or phytosporin.
If elegant white butterflies are circling over the cabbage beds, then you need to look: it can be cabbage cabbage. From his eggs appear small, but very voracious caterpillars. They can suffer Valentine F1 cabbage. Reviews, photos show that if they are not destroyed in time, they can quickly spoil the cabbage, eating soft tender leaves that form inside the head. Spray from the caterpillars with an agrophytous or other similar remedy from pests.