Location - Brazil. Impeachment to the president split the country into supporters and opponents. Burning tires, tear gas - all this is the consequence of this process. Do not stay aside and the former president of Brazil, Dilma Rousseff. Impeachment, she declared illegal. An appeal was filed with the Supreme Court. What will happen next in the country of Latin America called Brazil? Will the impeachment of the president affect the organization of the BRICS, which includes our country? Let's try to understand this question.
What is impeachment
Impeachment is a legal solution to the internal political conflict in the country, an official (legal) procedure for the removal of state leaders from office. In other words, this is the dismissal of the president. In the presidential republics, and Brazil is exactly that, the head of state is the highest official. He is elected in elections. However, there are situations when the president conducts an explicit anti-state policy. What to do in such a situation, if it is chosen by the majority of citizens? To do this, there is an impeachment procedure in democratic countries, when other elected authorities (Parliament, Senate, Seimas, etc.) have the right to remove it.
Impeachment is a rather complicated procedure. In most countries, including our country, the lower house of parliament should initiate it by a majority vote. Further, all branches of government (legislative, executive, judicial) must approve this.
Features of the impeachment procedure in Brazil
Impeachment to the president of Brazil (voting and the further procedure) begins with the lower chamber of deputies. This is enshrined in the Constitution of the country, in force since 1988. Any citizen can petition. Elimination can be made for serious offenses:
- Criminal offenses;
- The attack on the foundations of the state and on the free exercise of the functions of the branches of power;
- Violation of human rights ;
- Fraud, misuse of budget money;
- Other violations of budget legislation (namely, recent violations).
The last two items from the list and served as the basis for the removal of Dilma Rousseff.
After the petition has been submitted to the lower house, a special parliamentary commission is formed, consisting of all factions. She examines the prosecution and makes appropriate recommendations. Then comes the vote. In the lower house of Brazil, 513 deputies. It is necessary that 342 votes be voted. If the necessary number of deputies decides that an impeachment procedure should be held, then the acting president, according to the Constitution, must temporarily cease his duties. However, back in December 2015, the Federal Supreme Court decided that only after approval of the country's Senate, the president should be removed. In this case, the vice-president must temporarily perform functions.
There are 81 votes in the Senate. For a successful impeachment procedure, 54 are needed. After that, the president stops his powers. However, he has the right to apply to the Federal Supreme Court. If the president is still deprived of his powers, he has no right to hold public office for eight years.
Brazil: impeachment to the president. How did it all start?
It seems that the crisis of leftist anti-American forces in Latin America overtook Brazil. Why did they impeach the President of Brazil? The true reasons may be hiding deeper. However, the official reason was financial fraud and corruption suspicions. The president was accused of hiding the true size of the budget, thereby concealing the economic situation in the country so as not to lose votes in the elections. In addition, the opposition accused her of corrupt schemes with one of the state-owned companies, but her fault was not proven.
In May 2016, the lower house dismissed Dilma Rousseff. On August 31 the Senate also voted by majority for its resignation. It was broadcast live on television. After the Senate announced a legal impeachment procedure, both the supporters of the ex-president and opponents came to the streets. Sociological polls show that most are still opponents. Their 68% of the population, but is it worth it to trust opinion polls? The question is rhetorical. Naturally, there was no referendum on this matter. It is not envisaged under Brazilian law under such a procedure.
Brazil: impeachment to the president. What's happening?
The decision of the Senate on this matter is not the final decision. The point in this matter should be put by the Supreme Court. Dilma's lawyers prepared two appeals at once: in one there were numerous violations in the procedure of impeachment, the other - violation of substantive law.
On September 9, 2016 an appeal was held. Judge Theory Zavaski recognized impeachment as legal. However, there is no point on this. The final decision should be made by a plenary staff of 11 judges.
Impeachment or coup d'état?
So, we will analyze the local legislation of the country called Brazil. Impeachment to the president can be carried out only for serious violations. Dilma Rousseff court did not recognize as a criminal, therefore, to remove her had no right. At least, so say the supporters of the ex-president and her lawyers. The international community in the region fully agrees with this. Countries such as Ecuador, Bolivia, Venezuela, can not understand the impeachment of the President of Brazil, for which he was held. Having dealt with the situation, they announced a coup d'état.
Actively supported the resignation of the United States. This is not surprising. The US always applies a policy of double standards. For this country, any ally state is a real "stronghold of true democracy". Regimes in unfriendly countries, on the contrary, are "tyrannical and dictatorial." Dilma Rousseff proclaimed anti-American rhetoric. Therefore, any overthrow will be "legal, democratic and constitutional."
"We are not putschists"
"We are not putschists," the new president Michel Temer, the former deputy of Dilma Roussef, began this first statement of ministers. It seems that he wanted to inspire this to himself and those present. Many citizens do not think so. Direct evidence was provided by the newspaper Fola Di San Paolo. She published an audio recording of the conversation between the closest supporters of the new president. So, in the conversation of the future ministers several weeks before the vote of the lower house, there were phrases that Dilma must leave voluntarily, so that there was no disturbance. Apparently, they assumed that the incumbent president would not give his powers so simply. From this conversation it was clear that many judges and generals support the coup d'état and will do everything to make it happen.
In all the fault of the US?
The coup made Brazil "the largest stronghold of democracy." Such a high status the country received from teachers of "true freedom" - the United States. WikiLeaks unveiled interesting documents. They show that the new Foreign Minister, Jose Serra, was a representative of American oil companies who want to extract oil in Brazil on favorable terms. Strange coincidence.
The involvement of the US in the internal political conflict of Brazil is said by Luis Filipe Miguel, Doctor of Political Sciences. He stressed that there is a direct link between the conservatives of Latin America and the government of the United States, who saw in the left forces a threat of total hegemony in this region.
Dilma Rousseff is not to blame?
I want to look at the problem objectively. Without political predilections. Even in our country, the impeachment assessment is ambiguous: liberal media fully support the procedure, patriotic media respond negatively. Let's try to figure out whether Dilma Rousseff is innocent. What is the real reason for the impeachment of the President of Brazil?
The fact is that in the country for a long time there was a high inflation associated with the constant loans of governments at all levels. In the 1990s, tough laws were enacted that limited the authorities' ability to obtain loans, so a violation of the budget policy in Brazil is considered serious.
The government of Rousseff is accused that it obliged state banks and funds in advance, before the second presidential election in 2014, to pay social benefits to the needy, to finance the affordable housing program. What does it mean? In fact, social obligations began to be fulfilled, money was sent to the economy, it was temporarily revived. At the same time, the budget deficit did not grow. Satisfied citizens chose Dilma Rousseff for a second term.
The Chamber of Accounts recognized such actions as hidden credits of the state, and this is a serious crime. This was the main reason for impeachment. In addition, Dilma Rousseff is accused of corruption links with investment funds, oil companies.
The situation of the former president was aggravated by the fact that the country entered the peak of the crisis. The decline in GDP for 2015 was the most record for the recent history of the country - about 4%. Together with mass propaganda in the media, this provided support among many sections of the population. As a result, the impeachment to the President of Brazil was successfully held.
What will happen to BRICS
In our country are concerned about the organization of the BRICS. It includes both Brazil and Russia. Experts are sure that political processes will not affect it in any way, since it is a commercial organization that benefits all participants.