All of us, of course, at least once watched films about romantic gangsters of the 1920s and 1930s, for example, "Once Upon a Time in America" or "The Godfather". It was in those years, during the "dry law", and the notion of "bootlegging" was born. This is falsification (illegal production), smuggling of alcohol, then banned by law. The very word "bootlegger" (in English) on slang means: underground trader, smuggler. In a broad sense, a person who sells (and produces) illegal goods.
In the United States in the twenties against the "dry law" gangster gangs, which organized the production, delivery and sale of illegal alcohol, in fact, their business was bootlegging. This led to total "mutual bail" in institutions such as dens, brothels, benches, cafes, restaurants - where they actively sold illegal spirits. Some racketeers allegedly defended from others, charging a certain "tribute" to almost every businessman. Little by little, the drug trade began to develop. The Mafia filled all of itself. Gangsters arranged among themselves a bloody showdown, in front of everyone killing each other for spheres of influence. A mafia lush funeral became a kind of "decoration" of the streets of many cities.
The most famous Mafiosi bootleggers
Al Capone. Chicago American gangster, who wielded in the 20's and 30's, at the time of the "dry law". He acted in large scale under the cover of furniture business. He was engaged in gambling, bootlegging, pimping. This gangster is known even under the nickname "Scarface".
Another grandiose mafiosi from those times - the father of the 35th president of the United States, Joseph Kennedy, who also, besides raising his son - the future president - was also engaged in bootlegging!
"Machine-gun George" - organized the production and sale of illegal alcohol in America 30's.
Modern bootlegging is a much broader concept. This includes not only prohibited types of trade and production (alcohol or other products), but also "pirate" activities. What does this imply? Illegal copying of information (unlicensed disks, for example). And the Internet resources constantly review the concept of intellectual property and copyright, the strategy of information exchange between people. So the good idea of free access to any files sometimes leads to lamentable results and litigation.
And regarding the alcohol counterfeit, there is a constant and irreconcilable struggle between the state and bootleggers.