The leading American aircraft manufacturer launched its first aircraft in June 1916. Today, Boeing is a huge corporation headquartered in Chicago. The only worthy competitor with the same coverage can be considered only the European company "Airbus".
Echoes of War
Its activities in the market of air transportation company started with small seaplanes, designed by the founder of the brand, William Boeing. In the 1930s, as well as during the Second World War, the company's profile was rejected in the direction of production of the B-17 serial bombers "Flying Fortress" and B-29. The output of such machines in 1944 was 350 aircraft per month.
The first passenger aircraft of the company was the Boeing 367-80, whose prototype ten years later, in 1964, the most popular model of civilian turbojet aircraft was developed and put into production - the 737 series. However, the air giant continued to beat records. Two years later, the largest, capacious and heavy aircraft of that time was designed - Boeing 747. Almost forty years this model held the laurels of the main air hulk, until the release in 2005 of Airbus A-380.
After just over twenty years, the concern launches the Boeing 763, and four years later - the 757 series. These two lines of winged vehicles are designed for short and medium-range flights.
Here we should explain a small feature in the encoding and notation. The 767 series was originally only a modification of the 200. According to the ICAO classification, the aircraft was assigned the abbreviated designation B762, in the usual 4-digit code. In 1984, the extended-range version of the V762ER got to work on non-stop transatlantic routes. A year and a half later, in January 1986, a six-and-a-half-meter long previous model, with its own code-named Boeing 763, or B763, first took off.
Dream of airlines
A successful decision from the aviation concern quickly gained popularity. The model was suitable for making non-stop flights for distances up to 18,000 kilometers, especially cars of the V763ER version. At the same time, it could be put on directions where for 747th the number of passengers was not collected, and the fuel consumption was much more economical than its two-story counterpart. A serious increase in the maximum takeoff weight ensured the success of the Boeing 763 model. A photo of the heavenly handsome man instantly filled the front pages of magazines and newspapers. The main customer of the aircraft of this series was the national company American Airlines (American Airlines).
The huge popularity of the model determined its commercial success in the aviation market. About 700 aircraft are still operated by airlines in the world, and the production of models continues to this day. Boeing 763 of the enhanced version of E, known in the world as the "Bandit" due to its memorable coloring, was purchased for private use by Russian businessman Roman Abramovich.
The technical characteristics of the model prove its engineering appeal:
- Length: 54.94 m
- Height: 15.85 m
- Wing span: 47.57 m
- Maximum take-off weight: 158 860 kg
- Empty weight: 86080 kg
- Fuel capacity: 4589 t
- Commercial load: 33.3 t
- Weight without fuel: 113,5 t
- Landing weight: 123.4 t
- Wing area: 283.3 sq. M.
- Cruising speed 860 km / h (0.80 M)
- Top speed: 914 km / h
- Cruising level: 10500 m
- Maximum flight altitude: 13200 m
- Range of flight: 8500 km (11,900 km, for the ER series)
- Maximum range (for the ER series): 17890 km
- Take-up length: 2600 m
- Engines: 2 turbojet engines Pratt & Whitney JT9D-7R4
- Passenger capacity: up to 350 people
- Crew of management: 2 persons
On July 23, 1983, with an Air Canada Boeing 767 , the next AC143 flight from Ottawa to Edmonton, an exciting adventure took place. At a cruising altitude of 12,000 meters, the aircraft completely ran out of fuel and both engines disconnected. This was due to the transmission of erroneous information from the engineer to the pilot: the aircraft did not refuel at the airport of departure. Together with the engines, the electricity and all control devices were cut off, the pressure in the hydraulic system fell. An emergency turbine was automatically released, supplying backup appliances with generated electricity from the oncoming airflow.
The pilots managed to land the plane at the former Gimli military base in the US, using for this purpose the skills of piloting gliders. The base by that time had already changed its activity profile to the auto club, where competitions were held that evening. The plane stopped at thirty meters from the audience. None of the passengers and crew was injured. The winged car also remained intact and was nicknamed the "Gimli glider". Two days later the plane flew independently from the military base after a minor repair.
May 26, 1991 Boeing 763 Austrian airline Lauda Air performed regular flight NG004 on the route Hong Kong - Bangkok - Vienna. At an altitude of about 7500 meters, the reverse of the left engine (reverse thrust of the turbine) suddenly turned on, and the plane sharply turned to the left. On the left wing of the airliner there was a drop in lift by 25%, it turned and pulled down. The winged car swept down swiftly, gathering speed. In 29 seconds after the reverse was switched on, the speed was 0.99 Mach and Boeing already almost overcame the sound barrier, but due to huge overloads the plane collapsed in the air at an altitude of 1,200 meters above sea level. All 223 passengers of the flight died.
In the early autumn of 2001, there were events that shocked not only the United States of America, but the whole world. On September 11, terrorists seized two American Airlines flights and two United Airlines aircraft, two Boeing 757-200s and two Boeing 767-200s. In total, 19 members of terrorist organizations were on that day on all captured aircraft. Both 767s were sent to the left and right towers of the World Trade Center with a difference of sixteen minutes between the collisions. After 25 minutes, 757th American Airlines crashed into the Pentagon building, and the last plane fell in Pennsylvania. For the first time in the history of aviation, all planes were landed over the territory of the United States and Canada, with the exception of flying vehicles of police and medical services. The total number of dead was 2,977 people, not including 19 terrorists.
BOEING in Russia
The popular model is now operated by various airlines. Aeroflot planes do not include this model in their fleet at the current time, however Transaero Airlines operates 16 boards of this brand, as well as 2 aircraft of the B762 series. Each of them is divided into salons of several classes and different levels of passenger service.
Location of places
Each airline owner of the winged giant is free to choose how to install passenger seats in the cabin and how many classes of service to provide in its Boeing 763 airplane. The layout of the cabin with the standard layout of seats and breakdown into classes is shown in the photo.
The 767-300 series left a notable mark in the development of world aviation. The novelty of the Boeing 787 Dreamliner was to become the successor of the series after its official presentation. However, today, three years after its first commercial flight, the 763 model is still being manufactured, and Boeing accepts applications for the production of such airliners.