"Source" is a novel written by her in 1943. At first, he was unfavorably criticized, but after a couple of years this work, becoming a bestseller, took a prominent place in the American literary classics. What prompted Ain Rand to write the novel? The idea of the value of human genius, the human ego for the whole of society, individualism opposed to greyness, a protest against the shooting in 1937 in far-away Russia of Lev Bekkerman, who was Alice's first love?
The protagonist and the heroine
The main character of Ayn Rand's novel "The Source" is the man of the creative profession, the architect Howard Roarke. This non-ordinary image reflects the writer's philosophical views, which can be briefly described as rational individualism. Our architect finds it ridiculous to consult with others, because a person must clearly imagine what he wants to achieve in life. In contrast to "team", "ant" collectivism, Roarke feels a deep personal need to create and change the world. He is charismatic, principled and consistent in defending his views on the need for a creative personality to have the necessary degree of freedom.
A difficult central female image is represented by the book "The Source". Ayn Rand portrays a young business woman Dominic Francon, who also does not change her "I". Before the acquisition of family happiness in a marriage with Howard Roarke, she twice married - for Peter Keating and Gale Winand.
The Middle Circle of Communication
Gail Vinand, the owner of the newspaper Znamya, is a more solid person. However, possessing the qualities of an organizer and leader, he gradually weakens, leveling his potential, following the opinion of representatives of influential sections of society. In the past, when building a career, he was an individualist. Recalling the beginning of his career, a cool editor joked that the obvious minus (then no one helped him) gave birth and plus (but no one interfered). However, at the end of the novel, losing his ego for the sake of the environment, Vinand also suffers a fiasco.
Ayn Rand portrays in the novel and open ideological opponent Howard, a critic and journalist Ellsworth Tuhi - a collectivist of his convictions, acting unscrupulous methods. This is a low and mean man.
Unfinished institution, unpromising workplace
The personality of Peter Keating
The book "Source" shows another, a pragmatic beginning of the life path. Peter Keating, unlike him, goes the beaten path. He graduates from the institute and goes to work in the top architectural agency. A young careerist does not feel emotional discomfort, catering to clients. At the same time, his attitude to the art of architecture is formal. His spiritual strength he spends on achieving an external gloss in his work. Faced with the same problem, Peter knows that Howard Roark's advice will surely help him.
Beginning of Howard and Dominique
Trap for the individualist
Roarke returns to New York for work in the specialty. Finally, his work is noticed. However, Ellsworth Touhi, led by the rejection of the personality of the protagonist, decides to destroy him with newspaper slander. His calculation is correct. First, the journalist provokes Roarke for non-standard architectural creativity. To do this, he persuades the client Hopton Stoddard to instruct Howard to build a temple of the human spirit. He creates a truly original project, and it provides a figure of a nude woman as an architectural element. (They met again in New York with Dominic, and she posed for sculpture.)
Ellsworth convinces Hopton of the incompetence of the performer, and he initiates the trial. "Traditional" architects who dislike the "white crow" of Roarke testify against him. Intercession at the trial of Dominic did not help. Howard was convicted. By the way, his former classmate Peter Keating also testified against the accused. Ellsworth triumphs.
Personal life Dominik
However, despite the trial, customers are turning to Roarke. Fate is often ironic. By the will of the case, one of her hoaxes takes place. For the construction of his new family nest, the successful editor Vinand chooses by his own will the architect, whose buildings he always likes, namely Howard Roarke. They become friends. The businessman does not know that his wife and architect had previously had a relationship.
Peter uses Roarke
At this time, careerist Keating manages to get a task to develop a state-oriented and challenging project - the development of the Kortland area. Economy-class houses should subsequently become the standard for such construction in various regions. Peter turns to Roarke for help. He, being interested in such work as a professional, agrees anonymously and does it for free. Persuasion is simple: Keating must build a building that strictly corresponds to the developed project.
However Howard, returning from vacation, discovered that the arrangement was broken. His ego is offended. He in anger destroys the constructed building, blowing it up. At the same time, Dominic distracts the watchman. The newspaper Vinanda initially stands in support of Roarke, and then, under the pressure of the union - against.
The newspaper Vinanda is closed due to problems. The rich man asks Roarke to design a skyscraper for himself as a monument to the spiritual power that could have been his own, while the former editor admits that Howard possesses it.
The novel ends with the scene of the meeting of the Roarkovs and Gale Winand couples on the roof of the already constructed building.
The main idea of the novel
The only criterion for the value of the surrounding people, which Howard Roarke recognizes, is their personal independence. This cornerstone idea is presented to its readers by Ain Rand. "Source" is a book about human dignity, its primary meaning for any person. And the only criterion, litmus paper, determining whether a person really has it, is the degree of his independence.