The flowers of this plant are extremely sweet. Perhaps, therefore, it is so widespread, having been known for a long time as a catchment area, or aquilegia. Cultivation of these flowers from seeds is a rather simple process. They are bred everywhere, in multiple plantings or in flower beds, or to create curbs. The name "catchment" is given to them because they can store rainwater.
Aquilegia has other names, one of them is very beautiful: for an original form of a flower it was once called an elf shoe. As a garden culture, flowers have been grown since the 13th century. Great importance was attached to their planting in the decoration of English gardens.
If you look in the directory, then the flowers are described as perennial herbaceous plants from the family of buttercups. The genus includes a little more than 100 species. About 30 of them grow in Russia, in Russia. If you need an undemanding and non-capricious flower, then this is an aquilegia. Cultivation from the seeds will allow you to have a variety of its varieties on the site.
How the aquilegia looks and what it likes
This plant reaches a height of 0.6 to 1 meter. He has beautiful openwork leaves with a bluish-gray coating and small, original-shaped flowers on long peduncles. Their coloring can be different depending on the variety: blue, yellow, white, purple, almost black, pink. They can be terry or non-double. Fruit is a pod containing a large number of small black seeds.
Aquilegia refers to winter-hardy plants. They grow better on moistened fertile soils and like top-dressing and partial shade. In the summer they should be fed twice. Under the bush, you need to sprinkle fertile soil every year. On heavy soils, aquilegia grow worse. On too sunny places the flowers are shallow.
Seeding of aquilegia
How to grow aquilege from seeds on your site? When do her seeds ripen? Usually the time of their ripening is August - the beginning of September. The pod dries up, and the seeds fall to the ground. Under good weather conditions, a new aquilegia can grow from them automatically.
Cultivation of varietal flowers is complicated by the fact that with a close planting different varieties of this plant can be dusted. Therefore, self-sowing is not desirable when breeding varietal aquilegia. If you want to obtain pure varietal seeds, you should not allow close planting of different varieties, or you need to use ready-made seeds. If you want to sow your seeds, do not miss the time of their ripening.
The seeds of aquilegia can be sown both in spring and in autumn. When sown in autumn, their germination is higher. Therefore, in the spring sowing, in order for the aquilegium to rise better, its seeds must be stratified. To do this, they are placed in a refrigerator at a temperature of 5 to 7 degrees and kept there for a month. Recommend also seed scarification. For this, before sowing them carefully, trying not to damage the core of the seed, rubbing with sandpaper. Paper for this purpose must be taken small.
In the spring planting, the seeds should be sown in March. The container for planting aquilegia must be deep enough, since it has a long stem root. The earth needs to be taken loose and fertile. Seeds do not need to be buried. They are scattered on the surface of the soil and slightly pressed into it. Then all is well sprayed with water and covered with glass or transparent film. Light and warmth - that's what aquilegia loves. Cultivation from seeds therefore it is necessary to spend at good illumination and temperature not below 15 degrees. But direct sunlight should be avoided. When the seedlings come up, the glass or film is removed.
When there are 2 leaflets (real), they make a picking in separate pots. At the end of May, when frosts pass, plants can be planted on a bed for growing. On a permanent place, it is recommended to plant aquarium sprouts in August. Plants are planted with an interval of 20 to 40 cm, depending on the size of the bush of this class.
When autumn planting seeds are sown in late autumn directly to the bed, previously dug up and loosened the ground. The place of sowing should be fenced, and for winter it should be covered with leaves or lapnika so that the seeds do not freeze under unfavorable weather conditions.
Aquilegia is rather unpretentious, so it is not difficult to grow it. Good luck in this pleasant lesson!