Allergic conjunctivitis: features of the course and treatment

If you or your child have noticed reddening of the mucous membrane of the eye, it is possible that you have allergic conjunctivitis. The disease is extremely unpleasant and dangerous. The reasons for its appearance may be different: predisposition to allergic reactions to a particular irritant, excessive use of household chemicals, the effect of certain medications.

Allergic conjunctivitis is an inflammatory process that occurs in the conjunctival membrane of the eye. Very often this pathology is diagnosed at a young age and in children. It should be noted that the signs of the disease manifest immediately, that is, immediately after contact with the allergen. As for the symptomatology, it is quite simple: rapid redness of the conjunctiva, sensation of itching and pain in the eye, photophobia, tearing. It is difficult for the patient to open his eyes and look. It should be noted that one-sided inflammation is extremely rare. Most often affected by both eyes.

Allergic conjunctivitis can also be accompanied by an additional infection of the eye. This occurs if the treatment is wrong or absent altogether. It should be noted that the disease can have both a chronic and an acute course. Treatment of this pathology is mandatory. It begins with a visit to the ophthalmologist and the therapist (pediatrician).

If after the examination you are diagnosed with an "allergic conjunctivitis", the medications should be prescribed with antihistamine effect, for example, medications "Tsetrin", "Claritin", "Telfast" and others. The doctor should prescribe their dosage. The average course of treatment is usually 2 weeks, although there are exceptions. In certain cases, drugs are taken with courses with a certain rest period. Treatment should be carried out in a complex way, that is, only tablets to eliminate symptoms is not enough. It is also necessary to use some kinds of eye drops or ointments.

Allergic conjunctivitis is treated also with topical preparations ("Allergodil" and others). The doctor must take into account the compatibility of all prescribed medications. In an extremely difficult situation, stronger means are prescribed, which must be used for a long time.

If you have an allergic conjunctivitis, the drugs can be used quite often - up to 4 times a day. The duration of use of any medicine should be determined by the doctor. Self-medication in this case can not be dealt with, since the consequences can be quite complex. In some cases, procedures in the hospital are required.

After eliminating the symptoms, you must carefully monitor your health. Try to find out the cause of the allergy and avoid a second meeting with the irritant. In extreme cases, always carry antihistamines with you . Often the patient is assigned specific immunotherapy. However, it must appoint an expert allergist.

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