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A.P. Chekhov. "Ionich". Brief analysis

Anton Pavlovich Chekhov is a talented Russian writer who very accurately reflected in his works the vices of the society of his era. A special place in his work is the series of short stories "The Little Trilogy" and "Ionich." Chekhov (an analysis of one of his works we will give below), wrote then in conditions of widespread social upsurge. He exposed that part of the intelligentsia, which not only does not take part in this upsurge, but, on the contrary, tries to isolate itself from life.

Moved by indifference and fear, she does not want to know the problems of the people. With a huge satirical force, the theme of "life's life" reveals in his simple at first glance Chekhov's creations.

"Ionich" tells us about the history of spiritual and moral degradation of man. In the story of 5 parts, 5 portraits of the main character.

The first is a portrait of Dr. Startsev - a young, intelligent, versed in art, with a good musical and literary taste, an energetic and cheerful person. This is how a real intellectual should be, as Chekhov believes (Ionich, Chapter 1).

The second portrait. Before us is a full-bodied young man who, on foot, prefers riding in a stroller. Deprived of the former vivacity, but in love, and therefore capable of some insane acts.

The third portrait. The feelings of Startsev were shallow, love is passing. He quickly calms down after the experience of failure.

The fourth portrait. Startsev grew fat, suffers from shortness of breath and already has three horses. He became closed, he prefers a spiritual life to playing cards, he is unpleasant in society. Industriousness was replaced by coldness, the capacity for pure, disinterested feelings was extinguished.

The fifth portrait. Startsev grew fat, and as a result his voice became thin and sharp. He was ravenous with greed. With respect to the sick, he lost all sensitivity, respect, compassion. He became rude, insolent, evil. The townsfolk now consider him his own and are simply called Ionich. For some 10 years there was a complete degradation of the personality. A complete nonentity shows the hero Chekhov.

"Ionich" does not give us unequivocal answers to the question of why such a rapid spiritual decomposition of the once energetic and talented representative of the young intelligentsia took place. Perhaps, in some way, Catherine Ivanovna is to blame, to whom the doctor had tender feelings. Certainly, he himself is to blame for something. However, most of the blame lies precisely on the surrounding society Startseva, Chekhov said. Ionych, leaving disappointed after the explanation with the matured Katenka, thinks to himself: "What kind of city should this be, if even the most talented people in it are so incompetent?"

Semestvo of the Turks embodies the whole supposedly advanced and educated part of society. She cruelly ridicules her. "Ionich", the analysis of which was made above, is full of examples. At the beginning of the story, where the first visit of Startsev to the Turkins' house was described, the young doctor still observes the slightest details with an uncomplicated gaze: the fact that Vera Iosifovna's novel has nothing to do with real life, and the fact that Kotik has no musical talent, How stupid and senseless are the jokes of the master, but he does not pay much attention to this because of his love. When the veil from the eyes slept, and Startsev saw all the vulgarity around him, he did not think of anything better than to become the same.

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