Yew berry and other ornamental plants

Tis (Taxus) is an evergreen dioecious plant that can reach heights of up to 20 meters. This conifer tree grows very slowly, sometimes surviving up to 3,000 years. It can grow not only in the form of a tree, but as a spreading bush.

The range of its habitat passes through Europe, East Asia and North America. This plant can be found in the mountains, and in the plains and forests, not only coniferous, but also deciduous, as well as in gardens and parks. Tees are able to form a large number of shoots, and also grow on stumps. This feature is of great practical importance for the extension of plantations.

The root system of the plant is well developed and quite plastic, so that yew is able to adapt quickly and quickly to volatile conditions of existence. Stony soils, fresh or loose, are everywhere capable of growing yew.

The tree is very interesting for creating figurative compositions, group and single landings, green building and hedges.

For the purpose of point planting in large parks, the pterygoid yew is more suitable. Widespread, it grows to 2 meters high and 5 meters wide. Its needles have a dark green color.

The yew berry (nihnoy-tree) is a fairly common species, a shade-tolerant dioecious mahogany, reaching a height of 22 meters.

It is a long-liver, but very slowly growing. The largest plantation of this plant is in the East of Georgia and has an area of 700 hectares.

Tis berry can grow not only as a tree, but also as a bush. The trunk of this plant covers the reddish-brown or reddish-brown bark, smooth in young specimens, which with age is covered with small cracks and exfoliates longitudinally.

Tis berry has a thick crown with dark green needles, pyramidal or egg-shaped. The seeds of this plant are similar to berries, due to the presence of their bright red fleshy roof, with which its name is associated.

Tis berry is very demanding to the humidity of the air and soil. "Eternal" wood of this plant is very durable and valuable. In addition, it is considered a potent bactericidal agent, since it can eliminate all pathogenic microorganisms.

From this species of yew can turn out very beautiful curbs and decorative paths planted along the borders of terraces and lawns. Another beautiful ornamental plant, often used to decorate parks and gardens, is the western one.

Care, reproduction of it - rather laborious processes. Propagation of thuja can be both seeds and vegetatively. Seedling grows from 3 to 5 years.

Seeds can only be sown freshly harvested, pre-natural stratification, leaving them under snow from autumn. In spring, they are sown in ridges, to a depth of no more than half a centimeter, and sprinkled on top with sawdust from coniferous species.

Emerged shoots protect from the sun with shields, the soil is maintained in a wet and loose state. Feed with an aqueous solution of slurry in a ratio of 1:20. Often this plant is multiplied by lignified (shoots at the age of 2 to 3 years in length from a quarter to 40 centimeters) and semi-aged (shoots of the current year, cut in June, 10 to 20 centimeters long) cuttings. They need to be carefully torn from the tree in such a way that a heel (a small piece of old wood) remains on the base. In this case cuttings are much faster and better rooted. Then they are treated with a solution of the preparation "Heteroauxin" and plant them in a greenhouse, deepening the stem by 1.5-2.5 centimeters. The ground mixture is prepared from turf ground, peat and river sand with a ratio of 1: 1: 1, and then it is disinfected with potassium permanganate. The air in the greenhouse should be moist, but the substrate can not be waterlogged, so watering is done by spraying. Cuttings after rooting need to be ventilated and tempered.

In November, you need to warm them with leaves, spruce lapnik or sawdust, and when the air temperature drops below 5 degrees below freezing, cover with a plastic wrap.

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