What should be the care for the currant after harvesting

Vegetable and berry crops require constant care not only during fruiting, but also after it. Care of the currant after harvesting is reduced to pruning and formation, fertilizing. Let's take a closer look at these components.

Pruning and shaping

The first pruning of currant saplings, 1-2 years old, is done like this: all the shoots are cut off and 2-4 kidneys are left on each. This technology stimulates the branching of shoots. After pruning, they begin to form a bush.

In two- and three-year-old bushes, from the roots, zero branches grow, which are called basal shoots. This is the backbone of the bush, on which in the future will be formed all the different ages. Caring for the currant after harvest includes stimulating this skeleton, especially if it is weak. This is done by shortening the branches.

Three- and four-year-old bushes are left with 5 strong zero shoots, and the weak ones are removed again. The apexes of the null processes are cut off again. Thus, the bush is formed in 4-5 years. It will be good if in one bush there will be 2-4 branches of each age. Caring for the currant after harvesting suggests that shrubs that grow at a considerable distance and in a well-lit area can have more than four different-aged branches.

When forming plants, all patients, withered, broken, shading and extra zero increments cut out. Pruning a formed bush does not cause much trouble: you just need to remove 5-6-year-old twigs that have stopped growing, and leave young ones. With increasing branching, annual shoots are shortened by five kidneys from the top. Caring for the currant after harvesting annually is a pruning of unproductive, old shoots. They have a dark-brown color, a weak growth and a dry fruiting area.

In red currant fruit buds are in a heap on the border of different ages. The plant gives a lot of radical annual processes, thickening the skeletons. At it for replacement leave 3-5 strong increments, the rest cut out to the bottom.


Care of currant bushes is not only pruning, but also fertilization. Flower buds of fruit plants are laid in the previous year. After collecting all the berries you need to make fertilizer and mulch the soil. Under the black currant once in three years, up to 15 kg of compost, each year - 50 g of superphosphate, 30 g of potassium sulfate. Potassium sulphate can be replaced with 100 grams of ash. Under the red currant, 2 times more superphosphate and potassium sulphate are added.

Ways of entering are as follows:

  • Traditional - laying in the grooves, which are pulled out on the projection of the bush. The method delivers fertilizers to the depth of the roots, but this laborious technology does not ensure an even distribution of nutrients. Also, the roots of the berry crop may be damaged.
  • Superficial - distribution of fertilizers on the surface of the earth, then they are "closed" with rakes. The process is not laborious, but nutrients can not get to the roots of plants.

Care for the currant in the fall - providing nutrients. This is achieved by pruning and forming a bush, as well as fertilizing. In order to leave no pests under the leaves, they are completely torn off and burned. If aphids or mites are found when harvesting berries, plants are treated with carbophos (10 liters of water per 75 g of product).

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