Violation of heat exchange, or overheated in the sun: what to do?

Our body maintains the average body temperature through heat exchange. Thanks to sweating, redistribution of blood flow and regulation of respiratory rate, we feel great on the sizzling sun. This system can fail if several rules are violated:

- lean drinking during high ambient temperatures;

- prolonged exposure to the open sun.

In this article, we'll talk about what is the difference between a heat and a sunstroke, and about if you've overheated in the sun, what to do and how to act.

There are risk groups, they include:

- aged people;

- Small children;

- those who are in a state of alcoholic or narcotic intoxication;

- suffering from obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases;

- those who are forced to work in the open sun or in a stuffy, unventilated room for a long time.

Therefore, if you belong to one or more groups from the list, you simply must always be able to cool down, you must drink a lot of clean water.

And now I would like to list the basic rules of behavior in case you are overheated in the sun.

What to do?

First of all, it is necessary to exclude the defeat of the central nervous system, namely the sunstroke. In this case, you can not help yourself, you will need a specialist.

Degree of severity




Headache, general weakness, dilated pupils, rapid pulse.

Headache, muscle weakness, nausea, tachycardia.


Fainting, epistaxis, temperature 40 degrees, plus all signs of 1 degree of severity.

Fainting, sweating, plus all the symptoms of 1 degree of severity.


Temperature 41-42 degrees, pale blue skin, dry skin, hallucinations, delirium, involuntary urination.

Temperature 39 degrees, convulsions, frequent pulse, shallow breathing, dry skin.

It is worth emphasizing: despite the fact that the symptoms are similar in many ways, the difference is significant. Thermal shock is a general overheating of the body, and when a sunstroke affects the central nervous system, which is much more dangerous and requires a longer recovery.

Overheating has three degrees of severity, all of them do not require medical treatment. The earlier you start recovery activities, the weaker the degree and consequences. Also note that if a person has overheated in the sun, the symptoms may be similar to the manifestations of some infectious diseases or poisonings. Therefore, without providing the proper help, you can greatly aggravate the situation. Be careful, if possible, see a doctor.

Be especially vigilant if the child has overheated in the sun. The rate of development of dangerous states in children is much higher than in adults. Remember the elementary rules of behavior in high temperature air. It will save your life.

If you are overheated in the sun, what should I do?

Feeling overheating, you should:

- do not panic;

- go into the shade (cool room) or stand under a cool shower);

- drink water;

- to provide for yourself peace.

If children overheated in the sun, what should I do? Recommendations are the same as for adults. In severe cases, call an ambulance. It will not be superfluous.

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