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Vertical layout of the site: basic knowledge

Regardless of the features of the terrain, any plot intended for building a house requires vertical planning. What is its essence and why is it needed? Vertical layout of a site is an artificial transformation, improvement and change of a relief. The main purpose of this planning is to create a surface that would meet all the requirements for the improvement of the territory. As a rule, the vertical planning implies a cut of the seams of the earth, the organization of gutters, the laying of tracks, the softening of the natural relief, the sprinkling of soil, etc. Now, let us consider the most common examples of the relief layout.

Vertical planning of the territory does not require large expenditures from owners of horizontal sites. In addition, such a relief of the plot gives a wide choice for the future orientation of the house, the location of green spaces and farm buildings. In this case, it will be necessary to create small local deviations near the walls of the building. The mentioned slopes are made with the usual subsoiling of the soil. On the perimeter of the site, shallow grooves are digged, leading them out of the site. This must be done along the edges of the tracks. It is worth noting that these works are necessary for any relief.

If the future house is located on the southern slope, it is worth considering the creation of a garden or garden. The house is best located at the top of the slope. As for the hozpostroek, they are usually placed at the bottom of the site. Vertical planning with the described relief is very similar to the layout of the horizontal platform.

On the western and eastern slopes the house should be located near the northern border of the site, so it will not overshadow the planting. Also behind the house you can create a garden, because fruit trees have a sufficient height and do not suffer much from the shadow cast by the structure.

Special efforts will require vertical planning when the site is down to the north or steep slope (more than 20 °). After all, during the rain on steep slopes, strong water currents form, eroding the soil. And on the northern slopes, plants do not have enough sun, and as a consequence, they grow poorly. Under such circumstances, there is only one way out: break the site into several horizontal terraces, which will create better conditions for the plants and preserve the soil from erosion.

Such terraces are formed by padding soil, creating a strip-strip, which are perpendicular to the direction of the slope. With these works, the slopes of the terraces can be strengthened with large stones, turf or masonry on cement mortar. Plates of the turf will not slip off the slopes, if they are strengthened with wooden pegs. When decorating slopes with stones, the latter should be densely laid in prepared grooves. The base of the slope must consist of large stones, and the upper part - of smaller ones. The drainage grooves should be placed along the edge of the terraces, then the water streams will not erode the slopes. The house on the northern slope is best located at the bottom of the site, near its western border. When the vertical planning is completed, you can proceed with the breakdown of the house plan.

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