The vegetable pit can be made by any home master, the main thing at the same time is to choose materials, as well as to determine the technology of work.
Before the construction of the described structure, it is necessary to make sure that engineering communications are not laid in the ground by the type of electric cables, pipes and gas pipelines. Builders should investigate the soil in order to clarify the level of occurrence of groundwater. The latter should be located below the bottom of the cellar. Otherwise, the structure may be flooded. As practice shows, do not create too wide vegetable pits. It is necessary to keep within 2.5 meters. The depth, as a rule, is 1.7 meters.
It is desirable that such a cellar is from the wall at some distance. From the surface, it is necessary to retreat about 0.6 meters, this will later perform a reliable waterproofing of the pit. When a vegetable pit is made with your own hands, it is warmed. Obligatory is the procedure for equipping the ventilation system and performing work to protect it from moisture.
You can develop the technology for interior development yourself, everything will depend on individual requirements. Descent into the structure must be made in the form of a wooden staircase with strong crossbeams. It should be covered with a hatch that will act as an entrance to the cellar.
Construction of a vegetable storehouse
Vegetable pit with its own hands begins to line up with digging the pit, which should be sized according to the project. On its bottom is laid a 10-centimeter layer of crushed stone. This pillow must be tamped, and after pouring 15 centimeters of sand. The resulting preparation is compacted, and the next step is the pouring of bitumen or similar composition. If necessary, the arrangement of a major vegetable storehouse on the sand is equipped with a waterproofing material of the type of roofing material. At the next stage, reinforcement and pouring with concrete is then carried out . However, the arrangement of such a foundation will be accompanied by additional labor and financial costs. The walls of the pit are made of bricks. When the vegetable pit is carried out by one's own hands, the masonry of the walls must be carried out in one and a half articles. The bricks are treated with bituminous solution, which guarantees the reliability of the floors. The ceiling is laid out in the form of a vault. Bricks are mounted on templates, which must first be made of wooden boards. It is also possible to manufacture a concrete overlap. The main thing with this rule is that the ceiling has the required power, because it may be a car (if it's a pit under the garage).
On the surface of the ceiling should provide a place to enter. The most suitable option is the location of the manhole in the central part. In this case, shelves and shelves for cans can easily fit into the storage. In the place where it is supposed to locate the manhole, it is necessary to install a stop for the cover. The ceiling is insulated with foam or expanded clay. The ceiling surface is coated with hot bitumen, and then the selected material is installed.
Recommendations for work
If you have wondered about how to make a vegetable pit with your own hands, it is important to think about the thermal insulation of the upper part of the cellar. The insulation layer should have a thickness of 20 centimeters or more. You can take advantage of the experience of rural residents, who insulate the ceiling of such storages with a mixture of cement and sawdust. Alternatively, glass wool can be used. If the garage is built in a terrain with a mild climate, then the thermal insulation may not be met. If necessary, to give the ceiling surface of the pit an attractive appearance can be used by installing modern cladding materials by the type of lining or slate. To the ceiling surface, these products are fixed according to the technology that the manufacturer recommends. Walls need to be insulated with expanded polystyrene. Vegetable pit in the garage with their own hands is carried out in such a way that the insulation is carried out on a previously stucco surface.
Arrangement of vegetable storehouse
The pit must be waterproofed. Perhaps, it is necessary to perform work on the formation of a circular drainage system. Such measures are carried out when the groundwater is too close to the bottom. The simplest method of protecting the floor surface from water is treating the bitumen solution. For reliability, it is best to apply the material in two layers. The bitumen is covered with ruberoid, and then the solution is again laid. At the final stage, it is poured on the roofing material, where large-fraction sand should be used. If you do not want to process the walls of the storage with traditional bitumen, you can resort to a more expensive waterproofing by buying a penetrating compound. Before you build a vegetable pit with your own hands, you must design a ventilation system that is installed in the final stage. The easiest way is to install a natural supply and exhaust system, for which you need to prepare two pipes. One of them will serve for drawing, while the other will serve for fresh air. If you are not afraid of additional financial costs, you can equip a system of forced ventilation, but for this it is necessary to purchase an electric fan, which is installed in a pipe with two doors. On this, we can assume that a vegetable pit made of bricks is made by hand and ready for operation.
Construction of a metal cellar
This design is made even before the construction of the garage, as it will be difficult to integrate it into the finished building. The shape of the product can be anything, everything will depend on your preferences and requirements. You can weld such a vegetable store yourself, there should be no holes and cracks in the welding places, because water can penetrate through them. The walls are made of metal, but for the upper part you can use different materials, for example wood, slab or slabs. Such a cellar may have two legs, one of which will have more impressive dimensions and will be designed to lower and raise products, while the other will be used by man. When the vegetable iron pit is carried out by hand, it is recommended to protect the floors, walls and ceiling with the insulation material to prevent condensation.
Installation of the structure in the excavation
The metal box must first be covered with an anti-corrosion compound, as well as waterproofing materials, for which it is possible to use mastic or bitumen. The dimensions of the pit being prepared should be larger than the box itself by 50 centimeters on each side. The bottom of the excavated hole is leveled and compacted, then a waterproof clay cushion of 25 centimeters thick is laid on it. A layer of concrete of insignificant thickness is additionally poured over. The construction of a vegetable pit with their own hands is accompanied by the installation of a wooden formwork between the metal cellar and the wall of the pit. Between the box and the boards is laid clay, which is pre-cut into plates. After filling the hollow space and tamping the material, it is possible to start filling the excavated land.
Caisson for the cellar
If you need a vegetable pit, you can install the caisson with your own hands. On sale today, you can find similar structures from different materials. This can be a prefabricated reinforced concrete structure, a metal caisson or a product made of plastic. In the latter case, additional processing of the cellar is not required. The design has a low weight, and its installation can be carried out independently, while it does not need to involve construction equipment. For several decades, the plastic caisson will endure a negative impact.
Features of the installation
Before installing the plastic caisson, it is necessary to carry out an external thermal insulation, as the difference in temperature outside and inside can be impressive, which will certainly cause condensation on the walls. Installation of such a product is carried out on a pillow of clay, the thickness of which should be approximately 20 centimeters. It is important to prevent water from entering the pit before installing the caisson, otherwise the product will start to float. If a similar problem still arose, additional watering should be arranged, for this purpose the gaps between the walls and edges of the pit are filled with clay, as in the case described above. Waterproofing is performed below the depth of freezing of the soil.