The stern of the ship, the captain's cabins and his assistants, maps and devices

The ship's forage in marine terminology is termed "yut" and is the back of the ship. The bow of the ship's hull (the "tank") and the middle part (the "waist") are intended for housing the crew's life support services, armament, and resting places for sailors who are free of watch. Feeds on sea and ocean vessels are the area where the captain's quarters are housed and his assistants, the engine room of the ship, transfer shafts and propellers are located in the stern . There is also a steering wheel and all control mechanisms. In a separate aft room there are regalia, awards and ceremonial attributes of the ship.

What is the food of the ship?

The forage of the sailing ship in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries was distinguished by its rich decoration, exterior decoration from valuable wood species, a multitude of balustrades and carved cornices. The interior decoration of the aft rooms also had signs of luxury, the floors were carpeted, the walls and ceiling were covered with polished mahogany panels. The stern of the ship is the main part of it for all indicators.

Shipbuilding firms in Great Britain, which for a long time dominated the market of sailing ships, galleons, tea clippers, frigates and corvettes, tried to attract the customer with the high cost of finishing. It was considered prestigious to build a ship with defiantly luxurious cabins, while the seaworthiness of the ship was often pushed into the background. And since the ship's forage was the most suitable place to accommodate the attributes of luxury, all the attention of shipbuilders was drawn there. Scottish company Scott & Linton performed especially expensive orders.

Luxury and elements

No one was embarrassed that expensive ships with luxurious cabins at the stern were often drowned, sometimes even with a slight storm. The sea did not forgive negligence in the calculations, high waves piled up the ship sideways, and it went under the water along with gilded candelabra and heavy dining sets of pure silver.

The most vivid example of how luxury was won by common sense is the death of the transatlantic ship "Titanic" that occurred in the spring of 1912. The ship was built at the shipyard of the shipyard Harland and Wolf in Belfast and at that time was the largest and most luxurious ship in the world. Mahogany, gilding, silk, artistic stained glass in the first class cabins, traditionally located in the stern of a huge ocean liner ... April 14, 1912, on the fourth day after the start of the journey, the Titanic collided with an iceberg and sank. Was it worthwhile to contrast the luxury of the elements? There is still no answer to this question.

Feed and engine

With the advent of propeller propellers ship's forage began to change, the contours of the underwater part had to meet the engineering requirements of hydrodynamics. The above-water part of the stern also changed, became more strict, baroque signs of luxury disappeared. Gradually, the entire rear of the ship turned into a command post, devoid of excesses, where naval equipment and navigational charts were concentrated.

Speed and maneuverability

From the shape of the stern of the ship depends on its speed and maneuverability. The main part of the pivoting mechanism located on the stern is the steering wheel. As a rule, it is a vertical plate with an angle of rotation from 0 to 90 degrees. It uses only 60 degrees of vertical tilt steering, the remaining 30 degrees are in the "dead" zone and do not work. To effectively rotate the entire hull of the ship, boat or boat, streamlined stern at the lower level. If the fodder contours are incorrectly calculated, the ship will fall over on the side and lose speed.

Sea battles in the XVIII-XIX centuries always passed along the same pattern, each participant tried to protect the stern from getting shells. The destruction of the aft threatened the ship with imminent death, the ship went under the water in a matter of minutes. And if you stayed afloat, you lost control, drifted, and in any case was doomed. The ship's forage was always its most vital part.

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