The drug "Kapoten". Instructions

The medicine "Kapoten" (captopril) is available in the form of tablets and capsules. The drug is an ACE inhibitor (angiotensin-converting enzyme).

The drug "Kapoten". Description

The drug is able to expand the arteries to a greater extent than the veins. The drug strengthens the renal and coronary blood flow. With prolonged use of "Kapoten", the instruction indicates a decrease in the severity of hypertrophy in the myocardium and in the walls of arteries of the resistive type, a decrease in platelet aggregation, and an improvement in the blood supply of the ischemic myocardium.

Reduction of blood pressure when using the drug is not accompanied by tachycardia (reflex). The drug helps to reduce myocardial oxygen demand. At the end of an hour and a half, there is a maximum decrease in blood pressure. The duration of the antihypertensive effect depends on the dosage and the optimal value reaches for several weeks.

The medicine "Kapoten". Instructions. Indications

The drug is prescribed for arterial hypertension, including renovascular (moderate or mild - as a drug of choice of the first series, severe - with intolerance or inefficiency of traditional therapy). The medicine "Kapoten" instruction allows (as part of complex treatment) to be used for heart failure (chronic). The drug is also shown for violations of left ventricular function as a result of a previous infarction in the presence of a clinically stable condition, with diabetic nephropathy in type 1 diabetes mellitus.

The drug "Kapoten". Instructions. Contraindications

The drug is not recommended for persons under the age of eighteen, with lactation, hypersensitivity, during gestation.

It is cautiously prescribed if there is an angioedema in the anamnesis with treatment with ACE inhibitors, idiopathic or hereditary angioedema, aortic stenosis, severe autoimmune connective tissue diseases, cardio- and cerebrovascular pathologies, and oppressed bone marrow hematopoiesis. In the application should take into account such diseases as diabetes, stenosis of the artery in a single kidney, hepatic, renal failure. With caution, the drug is recommended for elderly people.

Side effects

Against the backdrop of taking the "Kapoten" medication, headache, tachycardia, fatigue, dizziness, asthenia, proteinuria, anemia, acidosis, hyperkalemia, angioedema, skin rash, fever, "hot flashes" can be noted. It is also likely the development of photosensitivity, serum sickness, bronchospasm, stomatitis, nausea, dyspepsia, diarrhea, or constipation. Reception of the drug can cause violations of kidney function, anorexia, pancreatitis. In some cases, dry cough may be noted, which is eliminated on its own after discontinuation of use of the drug.

Overdosage is manifested by a marked decrease in pressure, myocardial infarction, thromboembolic complications, acute violation of the blood circulation of the brain. The patient should be laid, lifting his lower limbs, to conduct symptomatic therapy.

To treat arterial hypertension, you should start with a minimum dosage of 12.5 mg twice a day. The drug is taken one hour before a meal. It is necessary to pay attention to the reaction of the body to taking the first dose. In the event that a pronounced arterial hypotension develops , the patient should move to a horizontal position. This reaction should not be considered a reason for refusing further treatment.

Course treatment involves increasing the dosage after two to four weeks to 50 mg maximum, three times a day.

About the drug "Kapoten" reviews mostly positive. Patients report a pronounced hypotensive effect. However, some patients did not feel the result of taking the drug. This may be due to the characteristics of the body, the nature of the disease and other factors.

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