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The Celts are a great warrior

Archaeological excavations today provide the main source of information about the life of the Celts, their culture, religion, crafts. Written data have been preserved by Greek and Roman authors, the works of early medieval chroniclers, surviving proper names, given toponyms, folklore tell about ancient Celts.

The One People

The Celts are a representative of an ancient tribe that lived in the first millennium BC in the vast territory of Western Europe. Celts are descendants of a single prehistoric Indo-European people.

From this ancient race later formed the Germans, Slavs, Persians, Latins, extinct Goths later, as well as Indians. Then they had descendants, nations formed, for example, the Slavs divided into three groups: Western - Czechs, Slovaks, Poles; Eastern - Russian, Byelorussians, Ukrainians; Southern - Bulgarians, Croats, Serbs, Macedonians. Celts are the ancestors of modern Scots, Irish, Bretons, Welsh.

The genetically united Indo-European people, who lived five thousand years ago on the territory of Russia (the modern Krasnodar Territory), by the beginning of the Bronze Age, created not only bronze weapons, but also invented the wheel and domesticated the horse. With new weapons, provisions on the convoys, fast cavalry, they easily captured the new territories of Europe and Asia, thus becoming one of the most widespread groups of peoples on earth.

Language of the Celts

In Western Europe, a new community of Indo-Europeans - the Celts with a center in the Alps - was formed. Therefore, the Celtic is the bearer of the Alpine language group. The most numerous of their people is called the Gauls. During the Roman conquests, their language was strongly influenced by Latin, which partly disappeared from everyday life. Later, the Celtic tribes living in the territory of modern France, were subjected to the invasion of the Germans from the north (the tribe of the Franks).

In Britain, due to the remoteness of the Foggy Albion, the Celts retained their culture and language from being enslaved by the Romans. The settlement of the Celts by the Misty Albion dates back to the beginning of the Iron Age (about 600 BC). The Celts are a member of a disparate group that did not realize themselves as a single nation.


Three thousand years ago, the religious cult of the Druids, which had a sacred inviolability, was born. The appearance of a class of priests is associated with the need to manage Celtic society. The altar served as vertical stones. In the XIX century, scientists believed that Stonehenge was their sanctuary.


Their rich cultural heritage was passed from mouth to mouth for centuries, legends and legends existed in several variants. Like most ancient peoples, the Celts were pagans and believed in the afterlife. During burial with the deceased, many items, such as plates, weapons, tools, ornaments, were left, carts with horses and carts were not excluded. The Celts were sure that everything that was needed in this world would be useful in the afterlife.

The main part of mythology was based on the belief in the transmigration of souls, during battles this confidence helped the soldiers to be brave and self-sacrificing, reducing their fear of death. In the difficult life vicissitudes came to the aid of human sacrifice. Gods of the Celts: Taranis, Meadow, Ogmios, Teutat, Cernunn, Belenus, Jesus, Brigantia.

Military equipment

The Celts are an excellent warrior, living by plunder and raids, enmity with the Romans and kinsmen. The Celts lacked a single political center, that is, there were no kings, in each group only the leader of the clan had power. Information about the Celts, since they did not have their own written language, were first recorded by the Romans two thousand years ago, when they invaded the UK. The Celtic for the Romans is a backward barbarian standing lower, lagging behind in science and crafts, who knows little and knows how, while they describe themselves as the enlightened people.

Perhaps, in the eyes of the Romans, the Celts had no idea of military strategy, but their equipment and weapons were in no way inferior to the Roman, they were excellent gunsmiths.

In the battle of the Gaul with the Romans, it would be difficult for an outside observer to recognize who is who on the battlefield. The boys in the helmets of the Romans were not Romans - they were Gauls. The heads of the Romans were decorated with bronze hats with ponytails. Later, they copied from the Gauls a more practical design of helmets with shields on their cheeks.

The shields of the Celts were in human growth, and their decoration in the form of a convex figure of bronze served not only for beauty, but also for protection. The Romans also copied this find, as well as other types of weapons, assigning them Celtic names.

Celts for the Roman was the creator of a new technological achievement - a war chariot. Maybe it's strange, but it caused surprise to the Romans. Some words are borrowed from the Celts, for example "league" (the word "horse"), turned into "cavalry" and "cavalier".

Ancient Celts for three thousand years before the advent of Rome created several grandiose monuments: stone fortifications, massive tombs and the famous monument to the Ancient World of Stonehenge. We do not know how they erected all these structures, but even after five thousand years they still stand on the ground, hitting descendants with their might, and are proof of the culture of the ancient people.

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