It is common knowledge that we, people, regardless of where we are and what we are doing, are surrounded by a variety of bacteria, pathogens , virus sticks, etc. The most common bacteria that live almost everywhere are microorganisms in the form of a ball - cocci. In a healthy organism with a strong immune system, these bacteria can exist without exerting any influence on it.
Staphylococcus in newborns is not uncommon, it is even possible to say, a common phenomenon. Almost every baby is infected with Staphylococcus aureus, but most of them get rid of the microbe in the first weeks (or even days) of their lives and, interestingly, copes with it on their own.
Babies are born with absolutely sterile intestines, but with the first sigh, various bacteria begin to be introduced into the body, including staphylococcus. The maternal breast milk with each reception strengthens the immunity of the newborn more and more, promoting the growth of useful microflora in the intestine, which then is capable of resisting various infections. Therefore, mother's milk is so important and useful for the baby.
Staphylococcus in newborns begins to multiply with a decrease in immunity. Toxins produced by the microbe can cause serious illnesses. So, very dangerous for the baby are the toxins produced by staphylococcus. From their action on the baby's skin bubbles, similar to blisters from burns, are formed, because of what the disease was called "scalded babies syndrome".
According to doctors, staphylococcus in infants and children under the age of one year is found much more often than in older children. The bacterium can cause such diseases as:
- Pemphigus of newborns ;
- Skin diseases: rashes, boils, various abscesses;
- Intestinal poisoning;
- Sepsis, and others.
Staphylococcus in newborns causes a variety of diseases that are subject to mandatory antibiotic therapy. With obvious symptoms of infection, treatment is performed with an antibiotic or bacteriophage, in a hospital setting. If staphylococcus develops in newborns, the symptoms can be as follows:
1. Heat, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, mucus and greens in the stool. Signs are characteristic for enteritis - caused by staphylococcus intestinal infection.
2. Pemphigus - purulent skin disease, when on the body of the baby appear bubbles with muddy contents. Bubbles open, treat the skin and make injections of antibiotics. In particularly difficult cases, blood transfusion is performed.
3. Purulent conjunctivitis. If laboratory revealed staphylococcus, prescribe antibacterial ointments and eye drops.
4. Phlegmon - purulent inflammation in the subcutaneous fat in the form of swelling, swelling and redness of the skin. The temperature may rise. They treat the phlegmon with antibiotics and surgically.
5. Multiple abscesses on the head and body of the baby. In this case, the child has a weakness, the temperature rises. Requires treatment of the skin, the introduction of vitamins, antibiotics, antihistamines.
6. Sepsis is the most severe manifestation of staphylococcal infection. Infection occurs usually through the umbilical wound in the maternity hospital and strikes most often of weak, premature babies. In this case, a complex treatment is prescribed: blood transfusion, antibiotics and vitamin therapy.
So, staphylococcus is a normal phenomenon for humans, until the microbe begins to multiply actively. The impetus for this, strangely enough, may be the use of antibiotics aimed at combating it. Therefore, if staphylococcus in newborns (according to testimony) is present, but the symptoms of the disease is not observed, do not rush to fight it. The use of antibiotics is the most extreme measure and the more extreme for babies.