Fine-fleeced breeds of sheep are sheep with a thin, long and necessarily homogeneous wool. The thickness of hair in the downy cover of such animals usually does not exceed 25 microns. The structure of the wool of fine-wooled sheep is staple. In Russia, several breeds of animals of this group are bred.
General characteristics of fine-wooled sheep breeds
The hair of this type of cattle differs not only in its small thickness but also in its considerable length - an average of 9 cm. Moreover, the wool is characterized by a strong tortuosity. One centimeter of hair length can account for up to 6-8 waves. Usually such sheep have a well developed skeleton, but with poorly developed musculature. Grazing of these animals is usually performed in arid steppe pastures.
The main varieties
All breeds of fine-fleeced sheep can be divided into two large groups:
Meat-wool (semi-fine wool);
Some breeds of fine-fleeced sheep can be bred almost in any region of Russia, others - are zoned. Very often farmers in our country grow:
Popular semi-fine-grained breeds are:
Fine-fleecy, semi-fine-grained sheep breeds, like ordinary meat, are most often characterized by unpretentiousness in care and endurance.
Sheep of this breed are bred on the territory of Russia almost everywhere. There are two subgroups of Soviet merino-meat-wool and woolen. A distinctive feature of this particular breed is the small amount of fat. More often in fine-fleeced sheep, its parameters are higher than for conventional sheep, 2 times. Soviet merinos are experiencing a defect in it. Therefore, their wool often rolls off the coils. Despite this small minus, Soviet merino is considered one of the most productive fine-fleeced breeds.
This sheep was bred in the USSR between 1925 and 1938. Parental for the breed were coarse-wool Stavropol (uterus) and fine-wool Groznensk (sheep). The color of the wool in these sheep may be ashy, gray or white-yellow. In any case, the fleece of the breed is very dense, long and has a pronounced sinuosity. In adult sheep, at the beginning of the haircuts, in some cases even the eye can not be seen.
In the content of Soviet Merino are very unpretentious. Winter they endure is excellent. They can graze at any time of the year. In November - March, they eagerly eat, including very dry grass. It is believed that long grazing even on fields with poor vegetation for these sheep is more useful than keeping in the pen. Scissoring of wool from the sheep of this breed can be 10-14 kg in pure form.
Breeds of sheep fine-fleece usually do not overtake too far distances. The Salsa sheep is a pleasant exception to this rule. The animals of this breed were bred by crossing the uterus of merino-females with ramnuline sheep.
The advantages of the salsa sheep, in addition to high productivity, include stamina and the ability to make transitions over very long distances. The weight of the sheep of this breed can reach up to 90-110 kg, the queens up to 56 kg. The fleece of the salsa sheep is closed, thin, long, has a pure white color. From one uterus it is possible to cut up to 7 kg of wool, and from a ram - up to 17 kg. Among the advantages of the breed, among other things, are high fertility. These sheep are bred mainly in the Rostov region.
Some breeds of sheep fine-fleece differ in relative thermophilic properties. Refers to such varieties, for example, Stavropol sheep. Animals of this breed were bred at the breeding farm "Soviet Fleece" in the Stavropol Territory. The breed was approved in 1950. The material for its creation was Novocaucasian Merinos, which had not too thick wool, but well adapted to local conditions.
Typical Stavropol sheep have two folds of skin and a burdock on their neck. Their constitution is very strong. The uterus of this breed can reach a weight of 56 kg. The wool from them is about 6 kg.
Disadvantages of the Stavropol sheep are considered to be a drooping hindleg in some individuals and the convergence of the limbs in the hocks.
Thus, we have found out which breeds of sheep are related to fine wool. The varieties described above are very popular in their regions and give just great wool. The common disadvantage of such animals is just not too much weight. Therefore, several breeds of semi-fine-grained meat sheep were bred by breeders.
The South Ural sheep was obtained in 1968 in the state farms "Oktyabrsky" and them. K. Marx of the Orenburg region. In the selection, the local coarse-wooled uterus and the German ram prekos were used. The purpose of the work was the removal of a new semi-fine-grained breed, adapted to the conditions of the Urals and the Volga region.
This sheep refers to the productivity of the meat-wool group. The weight of an adult South Ural ram can reach 110-120 kg, the uterus 55-60 kg. The wool of the animals of this breed is long (8-9 cm) merino-white in color. It has a pronounced pronounced crimp. The fat of the Yuzhnouralsk sheep is of high quality. Sheep of this breed can be either horned or lumpy. Haircutting from one adult womb is 4.5-5 kg. From the ram you can take up to 12 kg.
In the content of this breed is very unpretentious, and there are practically no shortcomings. The disadvantages of the South Ural sheep are only low fertility and the presence of dry staple tips at the rune. It is believed that further breeding work is required for this breed, aimed at improving the quality of the wool.
This popular breed was bred in France in the XIX century. The basis for it were the English Lester's uterus and the French ramblue. Officially the standard of this breed was established in 1929. In Russia, the preconceptions, as a fairly thermophilic breed, are bred mainly only in the southern regions - in the Bryansk, Kursk regions, and so on.
The color of the wool in these sheep may be milky-creamy, dirty-white, dark gray or sandy. The weight of rams reaches 100-130 kg, the queens - 60-70 kg. These sheep are fearful, but very obedient. For grazing prekosov better to choose a hilly terrain. In the care of these sheep unpretentious.
The breed prekos refers to the meat-wool group. The fleece of these sheep is rather dense. From one ram you can cut up to 9 kg of wool, and from the uterus - up to 5.
Kazakh fine-fleece sheep breed: description
This breed was obtained by crossing the precoms with the fur-bearing umbels. Most often Kazakh sheep are kept by farmers in eastern Kazakhstan. Their distinctive features are a strong constitution and endurance. If necessary, they can be kept year-round in the pasture. The weight of an adult ram of this breed reaches 100 kg. In this case, from one individual, 3.5-7 kg of quality fluff can be cut.
Instead of concluding
Breeds of sheep fine-fleece and semi-fine-wool are thus bred in many regions of our country. Some of them, as it was possible to notice, require further development. Other shortcomings are practically devoid. In any case, subject to the proper technology of content, representatives of all the above described breeds are able to give a lot of high-quality wool, and breeding them can become quite profitable.