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Short biography Surikov Vasily Ivanovich

Biography Surikov Vasily Ivanovich - an artist who painted paintings on the themes of Russian history, is well known not only to domestic art critics. His multi-figured canvases combine history, romance and pictorial innovation.


The boy was born in Krasnoyarsk in the winter of 1848 in a family that originated from a Cossack family, mastering Siberia. Surikov's father was a provincial clerk. The child constantly peered at people's faces, considering how the face is arranged, how the eyes are arranged, for hours and sitting, and copied the old icons. So began an independent artistic biography Surikov.

In eight years The boy began to study in the parish school. His ability to paint was noticed by the teacher, who began to deal with him separately. And the child believed that he could become an artist. When his father died, the family healed poorly. Vasily Surikov, at the age of eleven, already gave watercolor lessons to the governor's family. In this house, Surikov was introduced to the gold miner who decided to help a gifted teenager. He was given money and sent to the northern capital. Thus began the biography of Surikov from an unexpected turn, from departure to a distant city.

St. Petersburg

In the Academy of Arts immediately did not succeed, because he did not have the skill, but after studying for a short while in painting courses, Surikov nevertheless did (1869 - 1875). But when the training was over, the young artist did not receive a big gold medal for his work. But he had the opportunity to move to Moscow and begin work on painting on biblical themes for the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, which was then built. So the biography of Surikov made a new twist.


Suddenly Surikov fell in love with Moscow with all his heart. He could spend hours walking around it, especially under the walls of the Kremlin, and admire her. In these walks through evening Moscow, suddenly he was burned by the desire to paint a picture on the subject of the Streltsy execution.

At this time, the artist lived very modestly. He did not have his own workshop, and he painted pictures at home. He wrote the execution of the archers at the frontal place of Red Square, where carts stood. Streltsy in white shirts with lighted candles. And around all their native women: mothers, wives, children. Far away from the bluish mist grows a huge cathedral of St. Basil the Blessed. In 1881 the picture was finished and was presented to the public. This picture immediately bought Tretyakov. Therefore, the artist was able to proceed to the next work.

"Boyarynu Morozov" Surikov long pondered, and meanwhile wrote a small, he believed, the work of "Menshikov in Berezovo." Posed for the picture and his wife and acquaintances. Biography Surikov entered his canvas. Now we know what his beloved wife looked like, which he portrayed as the daughter of Menshikov - Maria. Pavel Tretyakov immediately saw the brilliant coloring of the picture, and he is really perfect, and bought it right away. With this money, Surikov and his family went to France and Italy through Germany. So the biography of Surikov made a new round.

Moscow period

Returning, Surikov begins work on "Boyarina Morozova." Protopop Avvakum and boyarynya, his fervent follower, went against the innovations of Peter, for which they paid. On the miserable sledgeholes in the snow, a fanatical defender of the old faith is taken to the Borovsk monastery , raising a thin hand and covering all the cross with two fingers. And around there are people who look at it in different ways. The whole range of feelings was portrayed by the artist. It was very difficult for the artist to face the boyaryni, and he also wanted to portray that the sleighs do not stand, but go. In the end everything was successful. On both sides of the sledge are people: on the one hand, the defenders of the old faith, on the other - the new one. Painting is a great achievement of an artist as a colorist. Right from the exhibition of the Wanderers Tretyakov buys it for his gallery.

In Krasnoyarsk

After such a large and complex work the artist goes to his homeland, gain new strength. But this trip worsened the poor health of his wife, and she dies in 1888. A brief biography of Surikov says that this was the strongest blow for the artist. At this time, he reads a lot of the Bible and reflects.

Krasnoyarsk and Siberia

In the winter of 1890 the artist again returns to his native city and begins work on the picture "Taking a Snowy Town". At Maslenitsa fun it was customary to build a snow fortress, covered in water and icy, and through it a rider on horseback must make his way. This scope and the removal of the people, his game and the general mirth wanted to convey the painter. Delicate shades of snow and sky contrast sharply with a smart motley carpet. He will throw on the back of the sled. This is how the new theme of the broad soul of the Russian person is born.

The artist visits various Siberian cities and writes etudes everywhere. He collects material for a new picture, makes sketches for a new painting, paints portraits of Khakass, Kungurs. In sketches for the composition gives the arrangement and rotation of the figures. A brief biography of Surikov speaks of the relentless work of his all soul forces.


The conquest of Siberia by Yermak was not an aggressive war for Russia, but only defensive against the raids of peoples who inhabited Siberia. The result was an epic canvas, surprisingly harmonious and manly. All the Cossacks are calm. They do the right thing. In other troubling and troubled positions, tribes are depicted, who now must engage in battle. In the left part of the picture the figures of the Cossacks and Ermak are illuminated so that they seem to be relief, protruding against the general background. Biography of Basil Surikov confirms that the ancestors of the artist participated in these battles.

The last major historical picture is "Stepan Razin" (1906-1910). The artist for a long time thought through her composition, until he abandoned the image of the Persian princess at all. The main concern of the artist was to convey the thoughts of Razin, who sits in a jet on the background of the boundless boundless Volga, listening to the musician. A golden sunset illuminates the evening sky. The faces of the Cossacks are courageous and beautiful. But they are not given to understand what the ataman was thinking about.

The artist of rare talent died in 1916. He embodied the idea conceived in huge compositions with surprising solutions in color and rhythm. This is a short biography of Vasily Surikov.

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