Country, Homeland, Fatherland ... As soon as you hear these words, you immediately imagine the images that were close to us from childhood: a home, a mother, a father, Russia.
Educating preschoolers for patriotism is a complex and lengthy task. Love for family, relatives, kindergarten, country is of great importance in the development of a full-fledged future citizen. In whatever country a child grows up, he connects all his feelings to the places where he was born and raised: with a kindergarten, where he went still quite a kid, with a school where he mastered the basics of knowledge, with his yard and street.
To educate the feeling of love for the Motherland, to their native city, educators together with their parents can decorate patriotic corners in the kindergarten with their own hands.
The Importance of Patriotic Education
The fate of Russia directly depends on what qualities will be developed in children, which determine the future of our country. What this future will be, depends to a large extent on us and on those concepts that will be laid in the minds of children.
The first years of a child's life are the most important stage in the upbringing and development of the future citizen and man. At this age, those feelings and character traits of the child are laid, which already from the very birth connect it with their family, people, country and determine the further life path.
The education of patriotic feelings is a long process, which is based on the language, songs, music of the Russian people. At preschool age, it is very important to saturate the child's soul with the notion of honor, human values.
The tasks of the educator in the development of patriotism
The love of one's country for a preschool child begins with a love for one's relatives-mother, father, grandfather, grandmother, and home. Patriotic corners in kindergarten help to create and develop this feeling.
The main directions of the teacher's work in patriotic education:
- To cultivate a tolerant attitude towards other peoples and people of different nationalities;
- Form a spiritually-moral attitude of the child to the family, the country, the nature of the native land ;
- To educate a preschooler's self-esteem.
Development of feelings of patriotism and citizenship in preschool children can be successful only if the kindergarten educator knows well the history of his city, country and can bring this knowledge to the child.
The goals of creating a patriotic corner
In modern conditions, when there are constant changes in society, the education of patriotic feelings is the most actual direction of work of a pre-school institution with pupils. To fully implement the system of education of patriotism in pre-school children in the University, the development of their activity and cognitive interest in this direction, it is necessary to create a subject-developing environment.
The design of patriotic corners in the kindergarten, aimed at familiarizing the children with the history of their native city, with the state symbols of the country, with Russian folk crafts, will help teachers in the development of children's love for the Motherland, its traditions and achievements.
Thanks to the materials presented to the corner, the children develop interest and respect for the family, the work of people, labor and civil feats of famous people of the city and country.
Correctly decorated patriotic corners in kindergarten will help attract children's attention to the study of their country, will provide an opportunity to select material based on the interests of children, to establish joint work of teachers with children and their parents.
Materials placed in the corner should cover the main directions of patriotic education and can include the directions: "My family", "My native land", "National rites and crafts", "Moscow - the capital of Russia", "Who are defenders of the Fatherland ?" and etc.
The main attributes that must contain patriotic corners in the kindergarten:
- Photo or portrait of the president of Russia - located either in the center of the corner, or on the left.
- The hymn is a symbol of our country, it is a musical and poetic work. It is usually presented as a text version and posted on the stand, there should also be a musical version for listening.
- The coat of arms is a state symbol, it is a shield of a quadrangular shape, it depicts a crowned two-headed eagle holding a power and a scepter in its paws. On the eagle's chest is an image of St. George the Victorious killing a snake.
- The flag of Russia is a cloth of cloth, which has a rectangular shape and consists of three bands of different colors: white - means purity and peace; Blue is a symbol of permanence and faith; Red - energy, strength and blood, which was shed in the struggle for the Motherland. In the corner, the flag can be represented as a large canvas mounted on a wall, or as a small-sized flag standing on a stand.
Corner of patriotic education in the younger group
The children who have just come to kindergarten still do not understand the meaning of such words as people, country, culture. Homeland, in their understanding, it's their relatives, parents, so they need to receive all the necessary information in a special corner.
Registration of patriotic corners in kindergarten should be performed depending on the age of the children. In the younger group, the parents themselves can create this corner, since they are also interested in educating the future citizen of their country.
It will be interesting for kids to consider the mock-up of their small homeland, the city in which they were born, monuments, and their kindergarten. Children will be happy to receive such information. Educators can direct children's attention to fostering love for their city, protecting its monuments and architectural structures.
Corner filling in the middle group
The design of patriotic corners in the PRI should assume that middle-aged children already have some moral habits and skills, the experience of moral and patriotic values, the task of the educator is to choose from the whole mass of knowledge the most understandable and accessible: family, kindergarten , beautiful places, favorite street.
It is very important that all the materials presented in the corner are bright, colorful and attractive, the composition must periodically change in order to attract the attention of the kids and cause the desire to learn more.
Patriotic corner in the kindergarten in the senior group
For children 5-6 years, information in the corner of patriotic education should be more meaningful, bear a deep meaning. The educator together with the children can already discuss the symbols of Russia and its significance, to study the history of his native city.
Registration of patriotic corners in kindergarten should be absolutely safe for children. All posters, stands, visual aids need to be well processed, so that there are no sharp corners, placed in a convenient place and well secured.
In the corner, work is being done to acquaint children with portraits of the first persons of the state, national costumes and folk rites, Russian folk games.
Features of working with children in the corner
Educators, planning work on patriotic education, can share material on the blocks: "My Family", "My Favorite City", "My Motherland - Russia".
Each topic is studied using conversations, didactic games, excursions, games-conversations, games-dramatization. Work in the corner is from the closest and most understandable for children (family, kindergarten) to more complex (country, city).
After acquaintance with the materials in the corner with the children, sports festivities devoted to the defenders of the Fatherland are held, Russian nursery rhymes, proverbs, proverbs are studied, the need for folk music and a fairy tale is brought up in children. The main purpose of such classes is to develop in children an understanding of the beauty of the language, Russian nature, a sense of pride for their Motherland.
Only a constant and systematic joint work of the DOW and parents will allow developing a sense of patriotism, civic consciousness, tolerant attitude towards people of other nations and peoples. Correct design of patriotic corners in the kindergarten will only help.