Law, Criminal law
Participants in criminal proceedings
Participants in the criminal proceedings are all those persons who take part in it directly. They are subject to certain duties, failure of which can lead to responsibility. Those present at the trial are divided into three groups, the first are the participants in the criminal process on the part of the prosecution, the second is from the defense, the third includes various experts, specialists, translators, witnesses and, of course, witnesses, without whose participation can not be considered a business.
The first group is made up of participants in the criminal process who bring charges against the defendant, that is, the victim enters it. Also in this group there is a prosecutor, an investigator and an investigator conducting an investigation in this case.
Participants in the criminal process of the second group are the defender, the suspect and the accused. That is, the person against whom criminal proceedings have been instituted.
Accused in the criminal process has the right to see his lawyer, whose time can not be limited, in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation.
After the criminal case has been brought against the accused, he will be called the defendant.
He has the right to petition for bringing to trial the jury, which can significantly reduce the time or severity of the future sentence.
All this is possible, thanks to the humanity of the jury trial. But they participate only in the examination of especially grave crimes.
The participants in the criminal process, included in the third group, have the task of facilitating the process. The most important of the persons making up this group is the witness, because he knows the details and circumstances of the case. From this we can conclude that a witness in a criminal trial is an important person who has his or her specific duties, such as:
1. Turnout at the request of the person in whose competence the consideration of a case is.
2. The giving of truthful testimony, since in the event that they are incorrect, this may entail administrative or criminal liability, depending on whose jurisdiction the investigation is related to.
3. Compliance with the established procedure.
4. Subordination to the orders of the judge.
5. Evidence for the purpose of achieving justice, thereby sending the perpetrator behind bars.
6. In the event that the court so requests, it is necessary to provide him with all necessary papers and written notes.
7. The most important condition is the non-disclosure of data announced at the court session. After all, they are quite important information, the transfer of which is prohibited to persons not present at the meeting.
8. Other obligations related to criminal proceedings.
In general, from the above, it can be concluded that each participant in the criminal process plays an important role in it, which is assigned to him in accordance with his competence.