Nephrologist: what the specialist treats and diagnoses

One of the rather narrow specialties in medicine is the profession of a "nephrologist". What he heals, many know. However, few people realize that this specialist has a sufficiently large "field" for professional work.

The nephrologist: what heals and where does he work?

The doctor of this specialty in the polyclinic is difficult to meet. Most often, such doctors conduct admission in hospitals where there is a nephrologic department.

The main work of such a specialist is the detection and treatment of diseases associated with the kidneys. To date, the pathology of this type is quite common among the population. This causes the demand for professional knowledge, which the nephrologist possesses. What treats such a specialist? Alas, every year more and more people learn about it. Today, the causes of many fairly common clinical symptoms and diseases are pathologies associated with impaired renal function. So the consultations of the nephrologist are necessary not only in cases with directly renal ailments.

Kidneys play an important role in the work of the whole organism. As a result, the work of such a specialist as a nephrologist is in demand. What this doctor treats such diseases as renal failure, pyelonephritis and glomerulonephritis, everyone should know about this, because these ailments can surprise any person. Pyelonephritis has an infectious etiology, and glomerulonephritis is autoimmune. Both diseases, if they are not treated by a nephrologist, usually lead to the formation of chronic kidney failure after a while . This pathology is very dangerous for humans. Often, even the most modern drugs are absolutely powerless in the treatment of this disease. It happens that only such a procedure as hemodialysis (it is also prescribed by a nephrologist) saves a person, because otherwise the kidneys simply stop working.

The doctor of this specialty often has to treat not only planned, but also emergency patients. The fact is that with the development of acute renal failure , the general condition of a person sharply worsens. If this pathological phenomenon is under the control of an experienced nephrologist, then the patient has every chance of a satisfactory outcome.

What is the complexity of the profession?

Doctors of this medical profile often face specific problems in their professional activities. The fact is that the nephrologist treats not only those diseases that are manifested by a pronounced clinic, but also latent illnesses. In addition, such doctors have to severely restrict themselves in the choice of medicines. Many drugs have a pronounced toxic effect on the kidney tissue. In some cases, the conducted irrational therapy can not only not have a positive effect, but also lead to complication of the human condition. At the same time, the assortment of safe preparations is not so great.

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