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Naum Kleiman - biography and creativity

Today we will tell you who Naum Kleiman is. The biography will be examined below. It's about the Russian cinema. He is the author of numerous articles that deal with history, as well as the theory of this art form. This is one of the most important specialists in the work of SM Eisenstein. He received the title of Honored Artist of Russia. From 1992 to 2014 he was director at the State Central Museum of Cinema, as well as at the Eisenstein Center in Moscow.


We have already briefly told about who is Naum Kleiman. The facts from the life of this creative person in chronological order will be described later. He was born in Bessarabia, in Chisinau. It happened in 1937, on December 1. The mother of our hero is from Bolgrad, which is located in the southern part of Bessarabia. Father was born in the agricultural Jewish colony of Romanovka.

During the Great Patriotic War, our hero, together with his grandmother and mother, was in Andijan in an evacuation. His father was at the front during this period. The whole family returned to Chisinau after the liberation of the city, in 1946.

In 1949, with his parents Naum was deported to inhospitable Siberia - first he was forced to work in the taiga, later he was redirected to Guryevsk. Kleiman Mendel Ikhilevich is the grandfather of our hero. He was deported to the first wave of deportations. It happened in 1941. Two years later he died in the camp. In 1955 the family was allowed to leave a special settlement.


Naum Kleiman is a historian of cinema, who originally chose for his studies the mathematical faculty of the Kirghiz University, located in Frunze. However, in 1961 he graduated from the Faculty of Cinema in VGIK. He studied in the studio EM Smirnova and NA Lebedev. I got a job in Gosfilmofond, in the domestic department.


Naum Kleiman is a scientific consultant on the reconstruction of S. Eisenstein's paintings "Battleship Potemkin", "October" and "Old and New". As a scientific adviser and director (together with Yutkevich SI), he was engaged in the restoration of a photographic film of the destroyed Eisenstein tape called "Bezhin Meadow".

In 1965, he was elected scientific secretary to the Commission on the Creative Heritage of Eisenstein. Naum Kleiman took part in the organization of a special Scientific and Memorial Cabinet named after Eisenstein, which was created at the Union of Cinematographers. He was his keeper in 1967 - 1985 gg. Since 1992, and up to the present time, he again occupies this important post.

Naum Kleiman is one of the compilers, as well as the authors of comments on the work "Selected works of Eisenstein." The book was published in six volumes from 1964 to 1971. Our hero received the post of head of the museum department in the Bureau of Propaganda of Cinema of the USSR (later VTPO "Kinotsentr"). He became director of the Central Museum of Cinema at the above-mentioned organization. Since 1992, his post again changed its name. He became director of the State Museum of Cinema.

Since 1988, he is a teacher of Higher Courses for filmmakers and screenwriters. He acquainted the audience with the history of world cinema. In addition, in 1990 and 1991, He conducted a special course on Eisenstein's creativity at the University of New York. He organized seminars in 1994 and 1998. The theme of the event was the aesthetics of eccentricity and Eisenstein's work. Events took place in Berlin. For the speeches, the Academy of Film and Television was chosen. In addition, he organized seminars in Helsinki, Tokyo, Munich, Los Angeles, Calcutta and Budapest. The theme of these events was the history of cinema.

A family

Naum Kleiman has a brother - Emanuel Ikhilevich. He was born in 1947 and is a Moldovan botanist, a breeder, the author of the monograph "Experience". His authorship includes other scientific works. Rita Yakovlevna - wife of her brother (1947-2008) - literary critic, specialist in the field of creativity FM Dostoevsky, doctor of philology, head of the Department of Literature of the Chisinau Institute I. Creanga.

Now let's talk about the wife of our hero. This is Rumyantseva Alevtina Alekseevna. She was born in 1929, and passed away in 2011.


Naum Kleiman was awarded the FIPRESCI prize at the 1987 Moscow Film Festival. At the same time he received an award for an article about Khokhlova. In 1992, France was awarded the Order of the Arts. In 1993 he received the prestigious Felix Award from the European Film Academy. In 1994 he was awarded at the silent film festival, which was held in Pordenone. There he received the Jean Mitri Prize. Thus, the participation of our hero in the restoration of films was noted. In 1995 he was awarded the Goethe Medal. Thus, his contribution to the strengthening of cultural and friendly ties with the German people was appreciated. In 1997, he was awarded the prize of Russian film critics for his work on the book "Memoirs" by S. Eisenstein - compiling, writing an introductory article and commenting. In 1998, the film critic received an award at the "White Columns" festival of the State Film Fund of Russia. In 2002 he was awarded the Order of Academic Palms in France. In 2003 he was awarded the Cavalier Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland.

Selected Bibliography

In 1987, the work of our hero, entitled "Let's Begin with Pushkin", was published. He is also the author of the following books: "The Raging Lion", "Master's feat", "Cinema", "Eccentric", "About the article", "Unfulfilled intentions", "Reconstruction of the film", "Our project", "National", " Probability Theory "," Generation ". "Eisenstein Today", "Look for the Sun", "Memoirs", "Final Formula", "House", "Bezhin Meadow", "Caucasian Cycles", "What models".

Now you know who Naum Kleiman is, the photos of this creative person are attached to this material. His biography and creative achievements can be called truly outstanding.

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