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Learn about what an artifact is

At first glance, the question of what an artifact is is related to archeology and literature. Artifacts appear in historical descriptions, fantasy, quests and horror films. But, in fact, the meaning of this term is much broader.

What is an artifact?

The word came from the Latin artefactum, which translates as "artificially made." Hence, to artifacts can be attributed only to unnatural objects, phenomena, processes. This is all that results from the material or spiritual activity of a person. That is, when answering the question about what an artifact is, we do not mean only objects, but also the stated idea, the social organization, the transmitted message. Each artifact possesses not only a material expression, but also a semantic content.

In science, culture and entertainment

If we are talking about culture, then artifacts can be called works of art, various superstitions, works of oral folk art, man-made objects. In science, this is the result of an experiment influenced by unforeseen factors. A unique formula is the artifact in mathematics. In document management, this concept denotes various effects that are not relevant to the content of the document: spots, drawings, etc.

This term exists even in psychiatry. There, the artifact of the clinic is called the inadequate actions of patients who find themselves in an incomprehensible for them or a new situation. In computer role-playing online games, artifacts are referred to as rare magical items that empower players with power and other advantages.

Artifacts of history

Scientists distinguish several groups related to the past of human civilization. Artifacts in the culture of the ancients are objects that have a symbolic meaning. Paleo-artifacts or unidentified fossil items are things created by someone before the emergence of a reasonable person. Some researchers put forward on the basis of such findings numerous hypotheses about the origin and history of our planet. From the point of view of traditional science, unidentified objects are still not artificial, but natural formations, very similar to man-made objects.

In the 20th century, the writer and scholar Ivan Terence Sanderson introduced the word out-of-place artifact, which means "an inappropriate artifact." This is the name of objects and objects found in unusual places and forcing scientists to puzzle over their origin and destination.

Where did the parallelepiped come from?

At the end of the 19th century in Austria, miners in a piece of coal found a strange metal object of regular shape, which was called the Salzburg parallelepiped. A pair of opposite sides of it were rounded, and the other four sides are marked with a deep notch. Ufologists tend to regard this find as a gift of extraterrestrial civilizations. Traditional science declares it an element of an ancient miner's winch.

Mysterious Spheres

In Africa, unusual balls were found with regular grooves surrounding the circumference. They were christened Klerksdorpskimi balls. At first glance, they are made of metal by the hand of a rational being. But scientists have found out that the mysterious artifacts of the past consist of a mineral of hematite and have a natural origin.

Mysterious tracks

In the US state of Kentucky, geologists discovered in the sandstone well-preserved traces of human sandals that could have been abandoned 250 million years ago, whereas modern science claims that the age of mankind is not more than 5 million years. Scientists reject the fact that these are the prints left by the person. They argue that this is just a similar "drawing" on natural geological rocks.

Flawless design

Ancient people could own technology, the age of which scientists defined as much later. An example of this is the mechanism raised from the depths of the ancient wreck near the Greek island of Antikythera. The object is an astronomical cogwheel calendar, created about the hundredth year BC. E. Scientists were impressed by the perfection of the anti-Quiet mechanism, as such inventions of a later period (6th century AD), which are much more primitive than the calendar found, were known. This fact says, in particular, that not always modern science rightly assesses the intellect and technical capabilities of our ancestors.

How to find them

People, keen on searching mysterious objects, can find them anywhere. Archaeological excavations and researches of geologists serve as favorable places for this. Traveling to places where the human foot has not treaded (or tread very rarely) may also be the answer to the question of where to find the artifact. Well, the seekers of magic items in a computer game can be advised to communicate with their numerous "colleagues." There are always advanced users who have found dozens of wand-rods.

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