No matter how much they say that women are a weak sex, tender creatures, almost every factory employs representatives of the fair sex. And it is good, when the conditions of their labor correspond to the legislative acts on labor protection adopted in the country. They clearly outlined the standards and additional conditions in which women should work.
Adverse factors in production abound: this is increased noise, and dust, and gas contamination, and the effect of harmful chemicals. How does the state care about ensuring that women's labor protection is fully respected? The law defines some restrictions in the employment of female workers, with attention to ensuring that women working in production retain their health: their own and future children.
The first condition that an employer must comply with, so that women's labor protection is not violated, is the restriction of work in shops where harmful or dangerous factors operate. It can be a welding shop, a shop for the production and processing of paint and varnish products, chemicals and other objects where the harmful effect of harmful substances on the female body is most negatively manifested.
Another limitation, which implies the protection of women's labor, is the lifting and moving of weights. The Labor Code and the Federal Law "On the Fundamentals of Labor Protection in the Russian Federation", as well as Government Orders and SanPiNe clearly set the standards (in kilograms) that are permissible for the transfer or raising by the female.
It happens that the working conditions at the enterprise change or require the use of female labor under the influence of harmful factors. In such cases, the employer is obliged to clarify the state of the woman's health with the help of a special medical examination, and also obtain consent to perform the work from the employee herself. If the change in the conditions due to the state of health is unacceptable, then the work performed or its volume should remain unchanged.
It should be noted that labor protection in Russia provides special conditions for pregnant women and women with children. These are lightened working conditions, and transfer to other workplaces in production, which can ensure the preservation of the health of the future mother. The employer must remember that this category of women prohibits overtime work or work at night. Pregnant employees should not work in a draft, in conditions of high humidity, a sharp temperature difference and other conditions that may adversely affect your health. If possible, flexible working hours are established for pregnant women ; During the working shift the future mother should be able to change the position of the body: do not constantly stand, walk or sit. The rate of production production per shift for a pregnant woman should also be reduced. If it is not possible to provide the employee with the necessary conditions in accordance with the legislation protecting pregnant women, the employer must provide her with leave with the preservation of average earnings. This is stated in the Labor Code of the Russian Federation.
How can we trace the fact that women's labor safety is observed at the workplace, do all hygienic and sanitary norms of working conditions comply with the requirements of the law? The check is made during the certification of workplaces according to working conditions. The employer, when employing a woman, must provide all the necessary standards for the performance of labor duties. This is the correct organization of the woman's workplace , and the special rate of production, and the allowed number of hours of work in a certain period of time (shift, week, month). If the requirements of labor protection are not observed or are not fully observed, the management of the enterprise may face administrative fines, and in case of malicious violations - bringing to criminal liability.