Investors buy and sell securities. Investing their money in stocks, they (with increasing their value) sell such securities more expensively, which brings investors a tangible income. Acquired securities under the laws of the Russian Federation are their property. Investors can be:
There are investment companies that, when issuing their securities, attract money from individuals and legal entities.
On the Russian stock market, collective investment is increasing, it is growing along with the improvement of such a market. Mutual investment funds, collecting money from small buyers, unite them. Further, they acquire shareholdings and sell them at a price increase, thereby increasing the income of depositors. These are so-called mutual funds.
On the basis of investors can be classified:
-large state funds "Sovereign". They govern in their essence state money. Many of them have huge assets. These are the Norwegian Fund-Global, SAMA, SAFE, Temasek, etc.
- mutual funds are managed by investment companies;
- insurance. Invest money in securities from insurance premiums received as profit from insured customers;
- banks usually sell their free money on the financial market, buying up bonds and other liquid securities;
- Pension, where pension contributions of citizens are invested .
These are all institutional investors.
Investors in the securities market are their owners on the basis of ownership.
Strategic investors can be called those that form a certain portfolio of shares for a long time. For the most part, they seek to acquire a controlling stake in one or more enterprises.
Speculative, which act on a short-term basis. They realize the shares for a short period of time, making profit from it in the shortest possible time.
Professionally engaged in trading securities are persons who have impressive capital. Institutional investors have access to capital, so they are professional players in the stock market.
Institutional investors prefer a minimal risk with their investments, counting their work on a long-term basis.
Studies have shown that financial services were the most attractive for citizens. They preferred 51% of investors. 35% preferred retail trade, 14% - production.