EducationSecondary education and schools

How to choose a university for admission - the options for choosing

If you graduated from general education school and chose a profession, then we can say that the most important and difficult stage has already been passed. But then another equally difficult problem arises: it is the choice of an educational institution in which you will master the basics of your future work activity.

Let's try to answer a question that worries many parents and as yet unsuccessful applicants - how to choose a university for admission: what you need to know, what levels of education there are, what kind of education and other equally important moments and nuances. We will analyze each of the possible options as carefully as possible so that parents and schoolchildren can choose the best for themselves educational institution.

Levels of education

Before choosing a university, let's designate the levels of institutions that are used in our education system.

1. General. This includes the education that every schoolchild in our country receives:

  • Primary (incomplete, 8 classes);
  • Basic (9 classes);
  • Full / average (11 classes).

2. Professional (technical). This is an education that allows you to get all the necessary skills in order to become a professional in one area or another:

  • Primary (school, lyceum);
  • Secondary (colleges, technical schools);
  • Higher (institutes, universities, academies).

3. Postgraduate education. This education allows you to get a degree in postgraduate, doctorate, residency and adjuncture.

If you have not finished school yet and you have any doubts whether to go or not to go to 11th grade and how this will affect the next study (how many universities you can choose, points, specialties), then you should familiarize yourself with the list below.

Opportunities after the ninth grade:

  • To get a full education, continuing education in school;
  • Submit documents to the Lyceum or College (initial vocational education);
  • To study in college or technical school and to receive secondary vocational education;
  • Gradually receive an initial, and then secondary vocational education;
  • Continue to learn after gradual education and submit documents to a higher education institution.

After the end of eleven classes, the following options open:

  • Step-by-step study and mastering the necessary levels of vocational education;
  • Learn any of the above levels immediately.

Before choosing a university, it is not superfluous to note that the overwhelming majority of young people prefer to finish 11 classes and submit documents to higher educational institutions. This is the most optimal and most popular option for vocational education. Let's talk about this option in more detail.

Levels of higher professional education

Before choosing a university, you should know that before September 1, 2009, the Russian education system was one-level, that is, the student is trained for five years at a university or institute and receives a standard (basic) diploma of conferring a certain specialty to him.

A little later, this system was modernized, and it was replaced by a three-stage learning structure, somewhat similar to the western one. Before choosing a higher education institution, consider it in more detail.

Bachelor's program

After graduating from an educational institution (4 years), the graduate gets a diploma on hand giving him a bachelor's degree. This is a kind of base in higher education. Such a diploma allows you to train qualified employees in the socio-economic or production sphere, as well as provide special development in the amount necessary to work in general types of activity of one or another direction.


If a student additionally stays for one year, then after graduation he will receive a diploma of a specialist. That is, a person who is able to train workers with narrow specialization and higher qualifications. This option is considered optimal for the majority of students: it's enough to choose a university by specialty and to wean for five years.

Master's Courses

Additional training for two years after receiving the title of bachelor. In this case the graduate becomes a master. This option involves a deeper and narrower specialization in one direction or another. The master prepares people capable of solving the most difficult tasks in any kind of activity: professional, analytical, research, etc. It also ensures the inflow of scientific and pedagogical personnel to universities.

Each of these levels is considered independent, and in order to continue training, it is necessary to take exams. You can choose a university by points or from the calculation of the results of the unified state examination. In any case, after you receive a diploma of a specialist or a master, you will have the opportunity to continue to receive education (postgraduate).

Along with the above-mentioned structure, there is a customary system for obtaining a specialty, for example, in medical programs.

Form of training

So, you graduated from school, and before you is the task to choose a university for EGE or points. To begin with, it does not hurt to decide for yourself which form suits you.

Today's universities offer the following forms of training :

  • Full-time (full-time);
  • Internally-correspondence (evening);
  • In absentia;
  • Computer (remote);
  • Fast (external).

Here the main criterion of choice is your individual ability to learn independently. If you choose a daily form, the curriculum presupposes the student to attend daily classes and note lectures by teachers. While extern implies the independent collection and systematization of the necessary educational material with a corresponding report on the knowledge gained at the end of the semester.

Most often, distance and distance learning forms are chosen by students who are going to work in parallel with their studies. Labor activity and simultaneous training is certainly good, but not always third-party employment helps in mastering the profession. Therefore, you need to be careful, sometimes it's better to deny yourself additional earnings, but successfully finish the semester. Sometimes the employer makes concessions, offering extramural students extra weeks, shortened weeks and other benefits (naturally at their own expense).

Groups of universities

By its legal form, all universities can be conditionally divided into two large groups - municipal and non-state.

What kind of educational institution to choose depends on you and on your financial capabilities. In municipal universities there is an opportunity to apply for free education (budgetary), while in non-state institutions this is an extremely rare phenomenon.

As for the quality of education, the diplomas of public institutions are much appreciated. Many factors play a key role here, and one of them is a raw curriculum at private universities. Nonetheless, the fact that non-state institutions study in more depth some branches (foreign languages, IT technologies, etc.) makes them very attractive for narrow specialists.


It is necessary to clearly understand for yourself that the chances of entering a higher education institution directly depend on your preparedness, so do not rely on "maybe", but carefully analyze your possibilities and weigh all the pros and cons.

And remember the main thing is that your future life will depend on your decision. Do not choose an institution at random or because a friend advised. Think about whether you are willing to spend four or more years to develop a profession that will not like you in your second year of training.

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