How to care for violets at home? Choice of pot
To the choice of planting capacity for violets, it is necessary to approach very responsibly, for this determines the health and duration of flowering of the plant. The first and most important criterion is the size of the pot, or rather, its diameter. It should be no more than 6 cm for young violets and not more than 12 cm for adults. Suitable for these plants are plastic or ceramic pots. Choose the ones that will suit your preferences and taste.
Selecting drainage and planting flowers
This is also a very important point in the breeding and cultivation of senpolia. Drainage is necessary in order that the water does not stagnate in the lower part of the pot. For these purposes, claydite or crushed polystyrene, which need to fill at least 1/3 of the pot, will do. Very fanciful to the depth of planting room flowers violets. Care for them is complicated, if during reproduction it is very difficult to chop the stem or when transplanting the outlet itself, then the plant can not take root well and will often get sick or even die. Too highly planted violets are very unstable, so they slow down very much in growth.
How to propagate and how to care for violets at home?
These flowers multiply either by stepchildren or leaf cuttings. The easiest way to breed violets is cuttings. A healthy leaf with an extra 3-4 cm stalk, cut at an angle is necessary for this. It must be placed in the water at room temperature or in finely chopped moss-sphagnum before the roots are formed. After the appearance of the roots, the leaf is transplanted into loose soil to a depth of 1-2 cm.
When the violets reproduce with their stepchildren, the newly formed rosette, which has 3-4 leaves, is separated by a sharp scalpel. It is important, removing the stepson, not to damage the main plant. To survive, you need to use a special substrate, which you can buy in the store.
How to care for violets at home? A few important rules
Sharp temperature changes, these tender plants do not like, so stability is important: + 18-24 degrees Celsius. Also it is necessary to avoid drafts.
Violet needs a bright light, but not direct rays. In winter, it is necessary to illuminate the plant with fluorescent lamps 13-14 hours a day. This will be the key to their flowering even in the cold season.
Senpolis are whimsical about irrigation: it should be regular and accurate. To prevent water from getting into the outlet and causing decay, you can not spray the leaves, you should avoid water ingressing them in any way, and water only under the root or with a pallet. It is best to put a pot of flower in a tray of water for a few minutes, and then remove it from there. Remains of moisture remove. The top layer of soil in the pot should not be constantly wet, but it can not be kept dry for a long time. From excess water, the plant can rot, and, due to a lack, it can dry out. Water should be room temperature, fixed.
For a good growth, violet requires regular fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. Ideally, you need to fertilize once a week from March to September. Then the violet will not hurt.
Senpolia must be transplanted every year to fresh land, since during this time the soil is depleted. Standard transplant is made in the spring. The new pot should be placed in hot water for half an hour, then remove it, cool it and allow it to dry. This is done in order to decontaminate the container. If the pot is not new, with a touch of salt, then before reuse it is necessary to remove the plaque with a stiff washcloth or brush. And you will need to do the same procedure as with the new capacity. If you notice the instability of planted plants, it is best to put a centimeter layer of moss on the surface of the earth.
Now many growers are fond of breeding this particular plant. And all this despite the fact that these flowers are whimsical and capricious - violets. Photos, laid out in the network by flower lovers, cause admiration for their boldness and diligence. These are enchanting plants and, of course, beautiful to the insanity. How to care for violets at home, you already know. And remember that these flowers like caring, affection and love in very large quantities, and in case of their absence they can take offense and not blossom.