General Tsvigun Semyon Kuzmich. Secrets of the past century

In the days of the USSR, a great number of people worked in the field of creative and creative work. Among them, a special place is occupied by General Zwigun, whose biography is filled with numerous interesting facts, as well as an unceasing career growth.

Biochronica SK Tsviguna

Semyon Kuzmich Tsvigun is a statesman of the USSR. In 1967 - 1982 years. - one of the deputy chairmen of the KGB of the USSR.

He was born in the village of Stratievka (Vinnytsia region of modern Ukraine) in 1917 in the family of ethnic Ukrainians.

In 1937 he graduated with honors from the history department of the Odessa Pedagogical Institute.

From 1937 to 1939 years. Conducts his career as a teacher and director of the school in Odessa.

Since 1939 - working in the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs.

In December 1941 he went to the front. He fought in the Southern, Don, Western, Stalingrad and other fronts. He was in partisan detachments.

In 1945 he began to work in the Ministry of State Security of the Moldavian SSR.

From 1951 to 1953 he worked as First Deputy Minister of the GB of the Moldavian SSR.

In 1953-1955 years. - First Deputy Chairman of the KGB of the Moldavian SSR.

In 1955-1957 years. - Head of the KGB of the Tajik SSR.

In the years 1963-1967. Headed the KGB of the Azerbaijan SSR.

In 1967, he was appointed first deputy chairman of the KGB of the USSR.

Since 1978, Tsvigun - General of the Army of the Armed Forces of the USSR.

On January 19, 1982, he died as a result of suicide.

A family

General Tsvigun Semyon Kuzmich was married to a famous Soviet writer Rosa Mikhailovna Ermolieva. Semyon Kuzmich's son Mikhail is an employee of the Russian Foreign Ministry, he served as Russia's extraordinary and plenipotentiary ambassador to Djibouti (from 1995 to 1999) and in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (from 2003 to 2009).

The creative activity of the general

In addition to his service in the highest positions in the KGB, General Zwigun is also known as the author of books about scouts who worked during the Great Patriotic War, scriptwriter for war films, a memoirist. In 1973 and in 1979, two books by Semyon Tsvigun entitled "The Secret Front" (1973) and "We will return (1979). They also personally wrote scripts for two famous front-line films: "Front Without Flanks" (the premiere of the film took place in 1974) and "The Front Behind Enemy Lines" (premiered in 1981).

The image of Tsvigun in literature and cinema

Soviet writer Julian Semenov used the image of the general in his novel "Secrets of Kutuzovsky Prospekt", which tells about the work of security officials.

In addition, in the joint novel by Eduard Topol and Friedrich Neznansky "Red Square" there is a description of one of the numerous versions of the suicide of the general. However, the novel changed the name: Tsvigun appeared in the book as General Vigun.

In 2004, based on the novel "Red Square" on the Russian screen came the eponymous series, in which the role of Vigun was played by V. Khlevinsky.

Awards of the USSR and foreign states

Semyon Tsvigun is a general who has received numerous awards not only from the Soviet Union, but also from foreign countries. Below is a list of the general's awards:

In 1977 he was awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor and attached to the title "Sickle and the Hammer" medal.

In different years he was awarded two Orders of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution. One of the few figures who received two Orders of the Red Star.

In 1978 he became a laureate of the State Prize of the RSFSR, and in 1979 he won the Lenin Komsomol Prize.

Certainly, General Tsvigun is an interesting historical figure. They left a trace not only in the history of the USSR, but also in the culture of the whole country.

Death of Zwigun

According to the official version, General Zwigun suffered from severe lung cancer in his later years.

Various rumors related to the circumstances of Tsvigun's death appeared because the members of Leonid Brezhnev's family were not present at the funeral procession, and under the obituary there was no signature of the general secretary himself. As a result, a version appeared on which Semyon Tsvigun was summoned to the central committee to report that in the case of large-scale corruption in state bodies some defendants testified that Tsvigun, a KGB general, is also one of the accomplices in the crime. According to the assumptions, after the conversation in the Central Committee Semyon Tsvigun asked for a day to think over the situation, then went to his home and made a fatal shot.

However, Vladimir Kryuchkov, ex-chairman of the KGB of the USSR, spoke about the death of General Tsvigun Semyon Kuzmich as follows:

"The tragedy that happened in 1982, gave birth to a lot of rumors and conjectures. The fact is that he was diagnosed with a severe form of cancer. We metastasized, which affected his psyche. He realized that he was burning alive, and on January 19 he shot himself a bullet in his head. He was a very honest man who was a true patriot. Also, the version of corruption crimes should be mistaken for speculation, if only because Tsvigun is a General. Novodevichye cemetery in the first few days after his death was buried in flowers. "

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