Diseases of the legs can be very different, and many of them provoke strong painful sensations in the lower limbs. Pain causes:
- Vascular diseases of the lower extremities;
- Inflammatory processes;
- Bone tumors;
- Flat feet;
- Bone tuberculosis ;
- infectious diseases;
- Arthritis of joints;
- Neurological diseases;
- Diabetic polyneuropathy.
In addition, painful sensations in the leg area can provoke many other diseases. In particular, it can be, if there are pathologies in the muscles, joints and bones.
Diseases of leg joints: features and signs
Diseases of the legs can be very different, in particular, problems are associated with the joints. Pathologies are often encountered, such as:
Arthrosis is a pathology characterized by the defeat of articular cartilage and adjacent bones. Most often, it occurs in the lower limbs, as they have to withstand the weight of the whole body, and this is a very large load for damaged joints.
Arthritis - inflammatory diseases of the legs, which can be infectious and non-infectious. Infectious arthritis can occur both as independent pathologies, and in the presence of other diseases.
The main cause of leg disease in this case: hypothermia, the presence of chronic infections, decreased immunity, damage to the skin.
One of the typical diseases of the joints of the legs is gout, characterized by the deposition of salts of uric acid. This disease is characterized by inflammation of the cartilaginous tissue of the toes or feet.
Diseases of the vessels of the legs
Often there are vascular diseases of the legs, delivering a lot of unpleasant sensations. Such diseases are most common in the elderly. Their essence consists in disturbance of normal microcirculation of blood along the vessels. This is due to the fact that there is a narrowing or even a complete blockage.
Vascular diseases of the legs can be very different, in particular such as:
- Atherosclerosis of the vessels of the legs;
- Acute obstruction of the arteries of the legs;
- Venous thrombosis.
Diseases of the vessels of the feet require competent therapy, which should be carried out exclusively by an experienced doctor. In addition, it is necessary to carry out preventive and timely treatment of other related diseases and pathologies, since serious complications can arise.
Skin diseases of legs: their features and course
Quite often, patients have skin diseases of the legs, the most common of which are:
- Fungal diseases.
Despite the fact that such diseases do not pose any danger to life, they deliver a lot of unpleasant sensations. In addition, all these pathologies are badly reflected in the appearance of the legs. Such diseases require timely quality treatment, otherwise complications and serious skin damages may occur, which are very difficult to remove and long-term therapy is required.
Fungal diseases of legs and nails
Fungal diseases of the skin of the legs and nails refer to diseases of an infectious nature that are provoked by pathogens.
Mycosis is most common in patients. The primary sign of such a disease is a change in the thickness and color of the nails. Some time after infection, itching, redness of the skin and peeling may occur. If the fungus is not removed in a timely manner, it will spread quickly and take up a considerable area of the legs.
Fungal infection occurs with excessive sweating of the feet, especially in closed areas of the skin, if the evaporation of sweat is somewhat difficult. In addition, some diseases can contribute to the emergence of bacteria.
For the formation and growth of fungi requires a moist environment, so increased sweating and wet shoes are considered provoking factors in the occurrence of such diseases.
If there are fungal diseases of the legs, the treatment consists of two stages - preparatory and basic. The preparatory stage involves the removal of scales and keratinized skin particles. To do this, apply a variety of techniques and drugs. When carrying out the treatment of the fungus, not only the feet but also the shoes are treated with a special agent.
Psoriatic lesion of the skin of the legs
Very often psoriasis is observed in patients, a disease in which there are red scaly patches on the skin, covered with silver scales, provoking severe itching. Sometimes psoriasis affects the joints, which leads to the emergence of psoriatic arthritis.
The reasons for the formation of the disease are not yet determined, but there is an assumption that it appears in the case of disturbances in the human immune system. Psoriatic arthritis occurs mainly in older people and affects joints, as well as nails.
In the presence of psoriasis, patients experience periods of exacerbation, as well as remission. Completely get rid of the disease is impossible, but with competent timely treatment can achieve a long remission.
Erysipelas of the feet
Erysipelas, whose symptoms and treatment depend on the complexity of the course of the disease, is infectious. The emergence of this disease occurs as a result of the penetration of pathogens. The disease provokes the formation of inflamed areas on the skin and serious intoxication of the body.
Erysipelatous foot inflammation symptoms and treatment may vary, in particular one can distinguish such signs as:
- The temperature increases;
- There is a muscle and headache;
- There is weakness, fatigue and chills.
At the initial stage, there may be a feeling of raspiraniya, painful sensations and burning sensation in the legs. In the first few days there is a change in the appearance of the lower extremities. If the leg is swollen and red, you should immediately consult a doctor, as the consequences can be very serious.
Damaged skin areas have a bright red color, but without an injury. Initially, the pain is extremely superficial and occurs only when directly in contact with the damaged area.
If erysipelatous inflammation overflows in severe form, then the upper layer of the skin may peel off, blisters appear, filled with liquid. After a while, damage to the integrity of the skin begins to become covered with a dense crust.
Treatment of erysipelas is performed with the use of medications, with the help of folk methods. Therapy will be much more effective if you adhere to the correct diet plan.
What are the diseases of the legs with diabetes?
Quite often there is a serious foot disease with diabetes, as this is a very complex disease that provokes a variety of pathologies. This is due to the fact that when diabetes mellitus microcirculation slows down significantly, which causes the occurrence of violations in the lower extremities.
When the disease appears on the legs open wounds and ulcers, calluses and corns for a long time do not heal and very much worry. In addition, the patient may suffer severe swelling, and the skin reddens and even sometimes acquires a bluish tinge.
Diabetes mellitus is also characterized in many cases by freezing limbs. There may be numbness in the fingers or a slight tingling sensation. There are many different methods and techniques for the treatment of leg diseases in diabetes mellitus, but only the doctor should select them, taking into account the main symptoms of the course of the disease.
Diabetic foot: features and characteristics of the course of the disease
Diabetic foot - pathology, which combines many changes and disorders of nerve impulses. Also, this disease is characterized by a deterioration in the recovery processes in the lower limbs.
This is a rather complicated foot disease, the symptoms of which can be pronounced, it all depends on the stage and complexity of the pathology. In particular, in the initial stages of patients may be worried about excessive fatigue of the legs, tingling of the limbs, a feeling of chilliness.
As the disease progresses, there may be deformities of the foot, as well as painful sensations. Elimination of this pathology should begin with the treatment of diabetes. Methods of therapy should be selected by the doctor.
What are the diseases of the toes
A serious threat can be caused by the disease of the toes, as it provokes the appearance of painful sensations and even in some cases the deformation of the foot.
In particular, among pathologies of the toes, one can distinguish arthrosis, arthritis, fungus, disruption of normal nail growth, abnormal structure and nourishment of vessels and joints.
In the presence of such diseases, painful sensations, bending of the fingers, as well as a violation of the normal state and integrity of the skin can occur. If you do not make timely treatment, this can lead to disability.