HealthDiseases and Conditions

Diet for constipation in a child from 1 to 7 years

Constipation is a rather unpleasant, but very frequent phenomenon in children of all ages. From birth to the year, a child's stool usually does not cause any special problems, and with the introduction of complementary foods, the final adjustment is made. However, after the baby turns a year, the problem can come back again. Cope with her parents usually manage independently, making adjustments to the diet. In this article will be given a diet for constipation in a child.

Causes of problems with stools

Factors affecting the appearance of constipation are many. Among them there are physiological, due to the peculiarities of the age period. From 1 year to 3 years stool delay can be provoked:

  • Delayed intestinal peristalsis;
  • Dysbacteriosis - although recent studies suggest that such a disease does not exist, nevertheless, a violation of the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract and a lack of probiotic bacteria are quite capable of provoking various difficulties of defecation;
  • Helminthiosis;
  • New food, introduced into food for the first time;
  • A sharp change in the situation;
  • Lack of consumed liquid;
  • Products that cause disruption of the intestine;
  • Enzyme deficiency.

Diet with constipation in a child should be carefully thought out. About this below.

Additional factors

Children older than 3 years, too, often suffer from the inability to normally defecate up to the beginning of schooling, that is, up to 6-7 years. In addition to the previous list, they have new reasons:

  • Pain during defecation because of too dry and hard feces, and a child at this age can already consciously refuse to go to the toilet if he feels discomfort;
  • Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - in these cases, other symptoms will necessarily appear, it is important to immediately go with the baby to the pediatrician;
  • Cracks in the anal passage, causing severe pain;
  • Embarrassment to empty the intestines in public places, next to other children - in the kindergarten, school, sometimes there is a strong developed fastidiousness in the child, also interfering with visiting the toilet anywhere except at home.

Most often, the perpetrator of constipation in children from 1 year to 7 years is an improperly made menu and non-compliance with the drinking regime. Diet for constipation in children 6 years will be a way out of the situation.

The influence of drinks on the quality of the stool

Inadequate fluid production can cause constipation even in adults, and even more so in children with their tender, only formed digestive system. The introduction of complementary foods, the transition to solid foods, the cessation of breastfeeding or the refusal to feed the mixture must necessarily encourage parents to reconsider the issue of adequate provision of the child with drinking. Diet for constipation in children 1 year is made with this in mind.

Children of different ages need a different amount of drink per day, and not necessarily it must be exceptionally clean water. Useful for constipation will compote from dried fruits, herbal tea, such as chamomile, fennel, special children's teas, fresh juices, except acidic, fresh sour-milk products. All drinks should be of low concentration, prepared without the addition of sugar.

This is the basis for a diet for constipation in a child.

The norm of the liquid, depending on the age

Normally, the amount of fluid entering the body, including food, should be approximately the following:

  • 1 year - 1,1-1,3 l;
  • 2 years - 1.4-1.5 liters;
  • 3 years - 1,5-1,6 l;
  • 4 and 5 years - 1.6-1.7 liters;
  • 6 and 7 years - 1.6-1.8 liters.

What does the diet for constipation in children 5 years?

What kind of liquid to give?

It is not recommended to give babies coffee, strong black tea, carbonated sweet drinks. It should limit the amount of milk cow, especially paired, juices packaged and freshly squeezed. The former contain a lot of carbohydrates, the latter are quite concentrated, capable of causing allergic reactions. Such juices must be diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 3. This involves a diet for constipation in children under one year.

It is useful before breakfast to give the child a glass of clean cool water. Warm will not work, as it weakens the peristalsis. The lower the temperature, the better the stimulation of the work of the gastrointestinal tract. First, give water at room temperature, then gradually lower the degree, leading to a very cool, but not delivering discomfort.

General dietary recommendations for the normalization of stools

To form the correct eating habits need from the very beginning of the introduction of complementary foods, especially if there is a hereditary predisposition to the appearance of constipation. A grown up child, who often received tasty but not very useful food, may resist the translation for food, which is necessary for good intestinal work. Diet for constipation in children 2 years should be as balanced as possible.

Permitted Products

In the diet of all children from one year to seven, suffering from a difficult bowel movement, should include products that stimulate the rapid evacuation of the intestine, containing enough vitamins, microelements, beneficial bacteria, fiber:

  • Cereals - buckwheat, brown or brown rice in small quantities, oatmeal large flakes or oats, wheat. To take a great interest in porridges it is not necessary.
  • Vegetables - beets, carrots, broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage, pumpkin, bell pepper, cucumbers, tomatoes, some potatoes and others should form the basis of the ration.
  • Fruits and berries - apples, plums, apricots, bananas (little by little), currants, raspberries, kiwi.
  • Greenery - spinach, leaf salad, Peking cabbage, dill, parsley.
  • Dried fruits - prunes, dried apricots, raisins, dates, figs.
  • Sour-milk products - kefir (only fresh, up to 3 days, otherwise the reverse effect will result), bio-yogurt, curdled milk, fermented baked milk, baby curds.
  • Dried bran or rye bread, bran yourself.
  • Honey and homemade jam from suitable berries and fruits.
  • Low-fat meat and fish products.

Dishes should be boiled, stewed, baked, steamed, while still adding a little olive oil. A good effect is provided by salads from fresh fruits and vegetables, seasoned with the same butter or natural yoghurt, curd.

Diet for constipation in children - Prohibited foods

From the list of meals, one must definitely exclude fast food, sweets, rich soups, marinades, pickles, smoked and fried foods. Specifically, it is necessary to minimize the use:

  • Macaroni.
  • Manna porridge and white rice.
  • Blueberries.
  • Pear.
  • White bread.
  • Cocoa, coffee, strong tea.
  • Chocolate.
  • Kiselyov.
  • Oily fish and meat - mackerel, herring, trout, lamb, some parts of pork, duck meat and goose.
  • Pelmeni, dumplings.
  • Cheese, milk.
  • Beans - peas, lentils, beans - should be limited.

This builds a diet for constipation in children 2 years.

Any products that slow the process of defecation or compacting fecal masses should be minimized as much as possible, and it is best to completely remove it from the diet, gradually, step by step. Ideally, they should not be given to the child from the very beginning.

For a child under 3 years of age, it is very important to strictly follow the nutrition recommendations. After 3 and up to 7 years sometimes you can make some indulgences, but it's important not to deviate from the rules too often. So the diet for constipation in children 4 years will be slightly different from the diet of a two-year-old child.

Special table

For children and adults who often have constipation, even a diet is developed, in the list of medicinal rations standing under number 3. This is a completely balanced, enriched with necessary nutrients menu, the set of products which has a positive effect on the stiff chair.

Consider what includes diet number 3 for children with constipation.

Portions of food should be small, and the total amount is divided into 4-6 receptions. So the stomach is easier to digest incoming food, and the intestines - easier to remove. Recommended products:

  • Vegetables - tomatoes, cucumbers, cauliflower, zucchini, pumpkin, carrot, beetroot. White cabbage does not follow, as it provokes strong gas formation, which slows down peristalsis. Potatoes can be eaten only in a refined and baked form.
  • There are almost no restrictions on fruits and berries: strawberries, currants, blackberries, strawberries, cranberries, cranberries, bananas, apples, pears, apricots, plums, watermelons. The exception is grapes, as well as cabbage, which contributes to the appearance of flatulence.
  • White fish - perch, pike, bream, carp, cod, hake, pollock.
  • Low-fat meat and poultry - turkey, rabbit, beef, veal.
  • Dried rye or grain bread with bran, seeds or other grain additives.
  • Greenery, celery.
  • Homemade jam, jams, compotes sweetened with honey - is allowed only for children's menu.
  • Dried fruits.
  • Cottage cheese and sour milk drinks, preferably home-made.
  • Porridge from barley, buckwheat, wheat groats.
  • Seeds of sunflower and pumpkin, nuts.

Diet for constipation in a child 3 years of age: recommendations

Soups are cooked light, on meat and fish broths, diluted with water or slightly boiled, but without the addition of meat and fish. All meals should be baked, boiled, cooked or cooked in a double boiler.

Meat or fish is consumed once a day. Occasionally you can replace them with ham from turkey. With fruits and vegetables, it is not advisable to remove the peel, since it contains the largest amount of fiber. In fruit salads you can add yogurt, and in vegetable - a couple of spoons of bran.

Undeveloped children's organisms up to 5 years will be more useful baked vegetables and fruits, fresh take no interest, so as not to overload the stomach and not to break only the normal process of digestion. For example, baked apples are an excellent remedy against constipation.

Kashi should be cooked crumbly, as liquid will envelop the walls of the stomach, inhibiting the digestion of food. For the same reason, it is undesirable to prepare soups, mashed potatoes, but light broths with bread crumbs of black bread will do well.

Children will appreciate such delicious dishes as pumpkin porridge, pumpkin and dried fruit fritters or simply baked pumpkin or apple, smeared with honey. These dishes can be offered as dessert, afternoon tea or breakfast. Meat and poultry are included in the menu up to 3 times a week, at the rest of the time the protein is obtained from fish, fermented milk products and a couple of omelettes.

Suitable for children recipes

If a doctor is prescribed a diet number 3 for children with constipation, then feeding the baby correctly, tasty and varied is not difficult. From the allowed products, you can prepare a lot of delicious dishes that will be to the liking of both kids and older children.

  • Salad from beets and prunes can be given to children from 2 years old. Beets must be boiled until ready and grated, prunes - soaked in boiling water and finely chopped. You can season salad with natural yoghurt or sour cream with 10% fat content.
  • Prunes hold in boiling water until soft, cut into small pieces or mash for babies from year to year. Mix the dried fruit with fresh yogurt, bio-yoghurt, curdled milk or fermented milk and take it shortly before sleeping.
  • Baked omelette with zucchini, herbs and tomatoes. The egg is beaten with a spoonful of water or low-fat milk, mixed with finely chopped or crushed green mashed potatoes. Utensils for the oven should be oiled with a thin layer of oil, put tomatoes and zucchini, pour the egg mixture and bake until browning - 10-15 minutes.


Most parents who prepare children the right dishes that help to eliminate constipation, note that the effect is observed after only 2-3 weeks. Babies lose bloating, the stool becomes much softer, bowel movements are observed every day.

The diet itself is usually prescribed for a period of 2 to 4 weeks, but the list of products that are permitted and prohibited for constipation should always be at hand and actively used. If the problem is caused by genetics, then it is better to switch to a similar food for the whole family, so that the child does not feel deprived.

In general, such a diet contributes not only to normalizing the stool, but also to improving the overall condition of the child and strengthening his health. The main thing is not to forget that with any problem of the child's organism it is first necessary to consult a doctor and not treat yourself.

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