Cosmos is familiar to almost everyone. The sight of its bright colors immediately reminds of summer. The plant came to Russia from Mexico, where, incidentally, it still enjoys incredible popularity. Note that the plant does not get along well in a warm climate, but also in the northern regions of our country.
This process can not be called too complicated, but it has its own nuances. Cosmoea perennial is often grown on lawns and flower beds. It is rarely used as cut flowers, but such cases do occur. Also, low-growth varieties are grown on the balconies in pots. The plant is resistant to cold, photophilous. Cosmee is considered unpretentious. It is planted directly in the open ground in the spring season. In pots grown annual species, using land mixture with the addition of sand and peat. The mixture is fertilized with minerals. If everything is done correctly, very soon you will be pleased with the beautifully blooming fresh cosme.
What is necessary to ensure that in summer you will be pleased with the flowering cosmic hair? Planting and caring (photo plants in the article) will bring the gardener only positive emotions, if you follow certain rules of planting and multiplying the plant. It is better to plant it in the open sun under mild climate conditions. In the hot summer, however, it is better to plant a shade in the penumbra. It does not tolerate a low temperature, unless it creates conditions for it (ground must be covered up). In summer, the long-haired cosmonaut needs regular and abundant watering.
In general, care of the plant is reduced to regular watering and loosening of the soil once a month. If you do not forget to water and weed the cosmos, the result of the labors will be a lush and strong plant, which will shade the flower bed, and make the overall appearance of the garden incredibly beautiful. If the soil contains enough fertilizer initially, it can not be fertilized again. In cases where there is little fertilizer, it is necessary to make an additional portion at the beginning of flowering (appearance of buds).
The plant reproduces seeds that can retain germination for several years. It often happens that the sprouts are thickened. In this case, it is better to thin them. The beginning of flowering - in July, the end - during the first frost. In autumn, the stems are cut close to the soil surface. If you leave large faded buds, you can get the seeds.
One of the main advantages of the plant is resistance to pests. Sometimes, after touching the perennial, aphids are affected. Also may suffer as a result of heavy rains. If the rains are mild, and the gardener is rightly taking care of her, he will be pleased with the beautiful beauties. Varieties (photos are three different) - very diverse. Each of them has its own characteristics, which should be read individually.