In his early works Alexander Sergeyevich very often copies the thoughts of Byron and Rousseau. These writers were idols for the great Russian poet, but the period of romanticism passed, and with it new thoughts about the universe, the attitude of people in society. Pushkin began to think more realistically, so he entered into a dispute with Byron. He began it in the poem "The Caucasian Prisoner", which was written in the spirit of romanticism, but this romanticism was rather critical. The poet came to the conclusion that returning a person to a natural habitat is a step back, not forward. Such behavior Alexander Sergeevich perceives as a betrayal of the destiny of man, which is determined by the Creator.
Artificial return of man to nature
Alexander Pushkin "The Gypsies" wrote in 1824, the poem was a continuation of the experiment begun and the end of a dispute with the romantics. To more realistically describe the events in his work, the writer spent several weeks in a gypsy camp in Chisinau, having tried all the delights of a free life. The hero of the poem "Gypsy" Pushkin Aleko is very similar to the author himself, even the name is chosen consonant with Alexander. The poet, being in exile in Moldova, often compared himself to Ovid, he languished in the heat of the cities - all this is present in the work.
The protagonist is tired of civilization, and now he has to discover a new world in which people are deprived of any prejudices, they are free, simple, they are not prone to artificiality or artificiality. Pushkin "Gypsies" wrote to show whether the change in the circle of communication, the conditions of life, will affect the inner world of man. Aleko was in a gypsy camp, he got there exactly where he wanted to go. It is assumed that the protagonist should be liberated, find peace of mind, but this did not happen. The desired update did not even bring love to Zemfira.
Solving the problem of "man and environment"
Pushkin "The Gypsies" composed to show the erroneousness of Rousseau's judgments, who believed that everyone can find harmony in the bosom of nature. Aleko hates a society that sells its will, but acts the same way as the people it despises. The protagonist was in a world that he had long dreamed of, but he could not overcome his loneliness. Aleko proudly declared that he would never give up his rights, but what then had he the right to take the life of another person or control his feelings?