What is GMO - you can learn from the free encyclopedia, where it is said that it is a genetically modified organism. History takes us to the 80s of the last century, when a genetically modified E. coli was bred . A little later, in 1978, human insulin with transgenic properties was obtained. Not only animals, plants, food products are subject to genetic modification, but also medicines. Material taken from one organism is built into the genome of the other, in this way a new organism with the desired properties is obtained.
Genetically modified plants become resistant to pests, frosts or prolonged drought, the use of GMOs in agriculture makes it possible to increase crop yields and, consequently, to reduce the cost of production. Supporters of the use of GMOs believe that at present it is not possible to feed mankind without genetic engineering methods.
GMOs: Pros and Cons
The very idea of creating plants that are resistant to pests and herbicides is not bad. What is a GMO on our shelves? This is corn, soy, potatoes, beets, wheat, rice, tomatoes, onions and carrots, which can contain transgenes. Whether you eat meat semi-finished products (sausages, sausage) or eat biscuits, bread, yoghurt, chocolate, we can not say with great certainty that they do not contain GMOs. 90 percent of soybean and maize cultivation on earth are plants with genetically altered material. Soy is used in many meat semi-finished products, chocolate bars, inexpensive infant formulas, confectionery.
Manufacturers of food products with GMOs claim that the allowable number of altered genes in foods is negligible - less than one percent, and this does not affect the human body. Proponents argue the following arguments in favor of GMOs: without additives on the earth, there will be a famine, as the population is steadily increasing, and there is not enough land to feed humanity.
Opponents of GMOs say that this small amount can be enough for the development of allergic reactions, thyroid diseases, and oncological pathology. As an example, an experiment is conducted on rats that after eating soybean meal began to lag behind in development, they decreased the number of offspring, and young animals lost the ability to procreate. To speak about the harmless action of GMOs, scientists say, it is still early. To obtain final conclusions, a minimum of 40-50 years must pass. In addition, the addition of GMOs can lead to unpredictable mutations in the human body.
GMO in children's nutrition
Unfortunately, they are not immune from the use of products with GMOs and children. Their body is considered the most sensitive to various additives. What is GMO in food for babies? This is the possibility of further development of allergic reactions, disorders in the immune system, digestive problems, neurological disorders. It is rather difficult to secure a child from GMOs, because transgenes are contained in products such as infant formula, baby porridge, baby canned food and biscuits. As studies show, the use of altered organisms in nutrition increases the chance of developing thyroid diseases by 3 times! Genetically modified plants become resistant to the action of antibiotics, and this affects the baby's body. If a child becomes infected with an infectious disease, his body after using such supplements may become insensitive to the action of antibacterial drugs.
Previously, there was a ban on the use of GMOs in children's food, to date, this ban under the influence of food producers removed. To protect your child from harmful additives, try to buy such products, on the jar of which there is an inscription: "Without GMOs." Find private (and honest!) Food manufacturers that you trust, and buy only proven products for the child.
If you read all the material, you have an idea of what a GMO is and how dangerous such additives are to humans. Secure yourself and your loved ones from GMOs, if you buy organic products.