Private low-rise construction is in demand. Constructions are built of various materials, such as wood, foam concrete, brick. Small structures on Finnish technology are becoming popular, for example, a two-story frame house 6x6. The peculiarity of the construction: fast construction of the building from high-quality raw materials and the construction of an inexpensive basement (low-ribbed tape or piles), which saves on construction.
The two-story frame house 6x6 is designed for a family of three to four people to stay during the summer. If the construction used high-quality insulation, then the house can be located year-round. The main advantages of frame technology:
- No shrinkage of the building - you can immediately begin finishing work;
- High thermal insulation;
- Environmental friendliness of the house;
- Low construction price;
- Resistance to fire.
In any construction, significant costs are attributable to the erection of the foundation of the building. Costs can reach up to 40%. But for a frame house it is enough to make a foundation of light type - screw piles.
The small weight of the building will not put pressure on the soil, so the house is erected on virtually any soil without additional research, and this reduces construction costs.
The frame structure is constructed in the main one-storey or two-storeyed. Construction with one floor - a standard layout, due to the limited space there is no variety of options.
Various ideas for construction have a two-story frame house. The project often includes a kitchen-dining room, a living room, a small bedroom, a bathroom - the first floor. On the second tier there are two more rooms: a nursery and a bedroom or one large room. The total area of the house, depending on the layout and availability of the veranda, is from 54 to 70 square meters.
A two-story frame house with a penthouse is likewise in demand, like a loft space with an inclined ceiling. The roofing of the structure is often performed at different heights with large angles of inclination. The attic can be both with windows and without openings.
On skeleton two - storey houses the prices are calculated on the basis of the project: ready or individual. Construction with a developed and tested project is cheaper than an object on an individual plan.
With the second option, the total amount depends on the complexity of the structure being constructed. The price is affected by:
- Height of the attic (if any);
- Roofing materials and house finishes;
- Foundation of the building.
It is optimal in this case to choose turnkey projects: construction is conducted by one company and the cost of specialist services can be reduced. If different contractors are selected, it is necessary to take into account that organizations have different prices for work.
Additional costs are added to the cost: insulation, communication, water supply.
On average, a two-story frame house 6x6 costs from 300,000 to 400,000 rubles.
To reduce the time for the construction work is not carried out in heavily rainy weather: wood can get wet and the drying of the material will give a slight cracking. When installing the frame, it is necessary to make a roof or temporary cover in case of rain.
If you have chosen a two-story frame house, the construction project can be any, it is better to use the framework option. The building is collected directly on the site: the "skeleton" is made of wood, the intervals are filled with brick, stone or adobe material. This option is cheaper than the frame-panel construction.
If the frame is assembled from planks, then they are impregnated with an antiseptic before starting the assembly. In this case, wood will absorb the solution better. In sunny weather, the material is dried overnight.
Frame houses are suitable for seasonal and permanent residence. An alternative to these structures can be buildings made of laminated or profiled beams, or rounded logs. But these options increase the cost of construction.