In basketball, as in any other team game, except for players, there are always people who follow the game. Judges in basketball should pay attention to how players observe the rules, and also follow the time and record the results of the competition.
During the game, judges use gestures that are an integral part of refereeing. What gestures are used by judges in basketball? Despite the fact that there are a lot of them, they are all divided into certain groups.
Gestures of a judge in basketball are defined by official rules and are common. They are used by all judges in all games.
All gestures of the judges are divided into six series:
1. Counting the ball.
2. Gestures related to time.
3. Administrative gestures.
5. Foul Show (three stages):
- player number
- type of foul
- the number of penalties awarded or the direction of the game
6. Fulfillment of a free throw (two positions):
- in a restricted area;
- outside the restricted area.
Gestures of the judges. Learn More
Gestures of referees in basketball are used to explain to judges, players and spectators what and by whom a violation has been committed, as well as what punishment followed.
The first series of gestures means ball throws on the ring, scoring throws, and points scored. For such gestures of the referee in basketball, the main referee and his assistant, if any, are responsible.
The second series of gestures refers to the time and determines the stoppage of the clock or "the clock does not turn on", stopping the clock for a foul, turning on the game time and a new countdown of 24 seconds. Time, as a rule, is watched by the timekeeper.
The third series of gestures is administrative. They determine the replacement, the invitation to the site, the requested break and the connection between the judges on the court and the judges at the table.
The fourth series means violations - jogging, incorrect or double driving, delaying the ball, breaking the rules of 3, 4, 5, 8, 24, seconds, returning the ball to the rear zone, deliberate play with the foot, ball for Outside the playing area and the direction of the attack and the controversial throw.
Gestures judge basketball, which belong to the fifth series - showing a foul to the judges table. It consists of three positions. The first shows the player's number. The second is the type of foul, namely, incorrect hand playing, blocking when attacking or protecting, placing elbows, delaying the ball, pushing or collision of a player without a ball, collision of the player and the ball, foul of the team that controls the ball, mutual, technical, unsportsmanlike and disqualifying Fouls. The third position shows the number of free throws or the direction of the game.
The sixth series of gestures is the execution of a free throw. Consists of two positions. The first - in a restricted area and the second - outside the restricted zone.
Gestures of a judge in basketball play a very important role. Not everyone can become a judge. As a rule, games are judged by experienced and attentive people, former players or coaches. Of course, all people involved in the game must know the above gestures and respond to them in time.