Ivan the Terrible - the first Russian tsar, who in 1547 was officially crowned for reign.
In Moscow Prince Vasily III and Helen Glinsky in August 1530 was born the long-awaited son - their heir John. When Ivan was 3 years old, his father died and was brought up by his mother, who also died in 1538 when he was 8 years old. Ivan grew up surrounded by a struggle for the power of boyar families that were at enmity among themselves, surrounded by palace coups.
Violence, murder, intrigue made him suspicious, vindictive and cruel. Even when he was young, he already dreamed of unlimited power. And when Ivan became an adult in 1545, he became ruler of Russia. In 1547, January 16, in the Moscow Kremlin in the Assumption Cathedral was his wedding at the kingdom. The title "king" in translation means "emperor".
In connection with the expansion of the territory of the Moscow State and the creation of an order system, economic and trade ties between the regions intensified. From the center to the north they brought bread, and from there - salt, furs, fish. During the reign of Ivan IV, trade began with Western Europe through Novgorod and Smolensk. Became more regular trade with England. Through the White and Barents Sea , the road from Britain to Russia was opened. The English trading house was founded in Moscow, and in 1584 the port of Arkhangelsk on the bank of the Dvinskaya Bay.
The first Russian Tsar - Ivan Vasilyevich Grozny - one of the most educated people, he had a phenomenal memory, in theology was an erudite. He was the author of many messages. I wrote the text and music for the service to the feast of Vladimir's Mother of God, as well as the canon of Archangel Michael. In the organization of printing, he played a very important role. In Moscow on Red Square the construction of St. Basil's Cathedral was realized , the first tsar Ivan, was the initiator of its construction.
The activities of Ivan the Terrible received a multifaceted description in Russian history, because pre-revolutionary historians characterized it negatively, while the Soviets emphasized its positive aspects during the reign. And in the twentieth century, in the second half, historians began to study deeply the internal and foreign policies of Ivan the Terrible.