Many citizens with the negative perceived the news that a tax on summer wells could soon appear. The government is seriously concerned about the budget deficit. In the future - raising the retirement age, the growth of personal income tax by 1-2%, will resume previously canceled duties. The most "bold" politicians want to oblige the unemployed to pay for municipal polyclinics, schools, hospitals.
In this situation, the well tax looks trivial in comparison with what we can expect. But first things first.
Taxes on wells in Russia
Let's turn to the legislation. The federal law "On Subsoil", as well as the Tax Code of the Russian Federation allows the use of wells and wells for personal use on personal and suburban areas.
Under what conditions are the boreholes not taxed
At the moment, there is no tax on wells under the following conditions:
- The water intake is located in the garden or in the country.
- Consumption goes only to watering and watering animals (here, most likely, it is assumed and personal use).
- The fence is taken only from the first water horizon (as a rule, it is up to 30-40 meters, depending on the depth of limestone).
- The central supply of the population is carried out from a different depth.
- There is no business activity.
Therefore, the usual cottage dweller does not face a tax on the well used for watering cucumbers and tomatoes. In any case yet. Maybe a few months will pass, and all information about this will become obsolete, and all grandmothers who water the garden from their well will be obliged to pay state duty.
We get permission for the well
Therefore, if you are allowed to use water from a well for watering animals, you can protect yourself against future fines and sanctions from the authorities. Who knows what they have in mind tomorrow. Lack of money will force to write out fines in local rural budgets. Namely, money should be received there on the initiative of the legislators, if they introduce a tax on a well of any depth.
The first thing to do is to find out if there is the very first horizon on your site that serves as a source for the central water supply. Most likely, it is unlikely, since water from this depth is contraindicated (perhaps, therefore, there is no mention of personal use in the Tax Code).
Documents for circulation to the Territorial Fund of Geological Information
For this purpose, it is necessary to apply to the territorial fund of geological information or another authority that replaces it.
For this you need:
- Fill out an application.
- Pay the fee (the size should be clarified on the spot).
- Attach to the application a map of scale 1:10 000, on which the site is designated.
After receiving the "permission", or rather "no ban", government agencies (usually the competence of Rosprirodnadzor) will be fearless.
If the drilling was in accordance with the legislation (Federal Law "On Subsoil"), then no one has the right to demand the design of a well. Authorities can initiate compliance checks. But we have already secured the source of the central water supply, and the depth of the well reaches only to the first water horizon. No tax on water from the well will not threaten you, because it has not yet been introduced. So you can not be afraid of any fines.
Drilling of deepwater wells
As for deep-sea drilling, the situation is different here. People make such wells in order to get artesian water. And this is not "sand" for watering. This water is equated almost with minerals. There is a tax on wells depending on the depth, which is more than 100 meters. But for this you need a license.
Artesian or groundwater: what is the difference?
Everyone intuitively understands that artesian water is better than groundwater. But how is it different? We will try to understand.
Artesian water is located between two dense layers. This allows it to protect it from various atmospheric precipitations, as well as from penetration of sewage. By nature it is pure water, which, moreover, is not subject to human influence. It is the most valuable resource not just for our country, but for the whole of mankind. In the world, the percentage of such water is negligible. We are fortunate that Russia is rich in such a resource. Just imagine that a citizen has cut through a well and just drains water into the river, using less than 0.001% of it. The purest natural water, the resource of which is severely restricted, merges with the local marsh, in which frogs and leeches are found. Agree, this information fundamentally changes the position as to whether a well is needed for the cleanest and rarest water in the world? Someone should control the rationality of its use? The answer is obvious - of course, yes.
"You can not forbid taking it"?
Remember the famous phrase from the fairy tale: "You can not pardon execution"? Approximately the same thing happens with the permission to use artesian water for individuals. The right to it gives only a license, and this a priori involves the creation of a legal entity. Without this action, it is impossible to obtain it.
But there are moments under the pressure of which you can get permission without creating a legal entity:
- There are no other alternative sources of water (for example, in the Crimea).
- The well already exists and it is necessary to legitimize it. Although, most likely, in this case, the probability of prescribing to drown it will be higher.
Obtaining a license. Stage one: permission of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology
The tax on wells and wells is an ordinary trifle compared to what one has to go through. First, we list the requirements of state bodies for the future drilling of artesian water:
- Sources of chemical contamination should not be located closer than 300 meters. This is not about military ranges for the use of weapons of mass destruction. "Sources" refers to gas stations, oil depots, industrial facilities, and so on.
- Objects of biological threat should not be closer than 200 meters. These include landfills, cattle cemeteries, sewers, etc.
- The objects of human life should not be closer than 30 meters. These are houses, gardens, plants, etc.
- Soil, where there will be a well, can not be fertilized with any chemical elements.
- The drilling site must be renewed with a fence.
- Under the well there should be no engineering communications and facilities.
Before issuing permission, you will have to hold a couple of meetings with an employee of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology (MNRE). And believe me, he is not interested in issuing a license for you. This department is trying to "protect" nature. An extra "authorized" well is another "headache" for the department.
Hence the conclusion - it is necessary to fulfill all the requirements set by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology (MNRE).
Stage two: collection of documents
In our country, the collection of certificates, documents and permits, perhaps, is a whole science. Here is the actual expression: "Bring a statement from every woman that you are not married to her." With the issuance of a license will have to remember this catch phrase. But official use for half a century of clean and useful water is worth the effort. The following documents will be required:
- General and situational plan of the site.
- The basis for the right of ownership (contract of sale, lease, etc.).
- The cadastral plan.
- Certificate of tax registration.
- Documents of the legal sheet (charter, certificate of registration, etc.).
Stage three - additional approvals
Then the most interesting. It is necessary to calculate the consumption of daily water and provide data to the MNRE already known to us. Suddenly it turns out that the citizen will spend too much water. In fact, there is no sarcasm here, because landslides, which occur "through the fault" of wells, quite often happen. This leads to harmful substances entering the artesian water, after which it is necessary to perform cleaning works.
Stage four and five: "road" to Rospotrebnadzor and Oblkomvod
Rospotrebnadzor should approve the project to establish a sanitary protection zone for the first well belt (approximately 60 x 60 m).
The Commissariat coordinates and verifies the design of the future well.
Duties of the owner of an artesian well
The package of documents is collected.
- A license that has a "shelf life" (payment for it is not a tax on the well).
- The agreement, which will have to monitor groundwater status.
- Statistical reporting.
- Cadastral number of the well.
- Geological expertise (conducted by the Department of Subsoil Use).
How much do you have to pay?
Each well has a technical passport, a cadastral number and a meter for consumed water. Depending on the region and the purposes of use, the amount for each thousand cubic meters will be different. But today this amount is around 80 rubles. This, of course, "penny" compared, say, with 20 rubles per cubic meter of water. But we will answer such "economists" right away - the license itself and all the approvals will cost about 1 million rubles. And that's not counting the amount for drilling. Depending on the region, it is different. In Moscow, for example, it is from 500 thousand rubles. Up to 2 million - depending on the depth of the well and limestone.
Sanitary zone: what is it?
The foregoing was that Rospotrebnadzor should coordinate the sanitary zone.
If a summer house has a usual well for irrigation of a section of some 10-15 m deep there is nothing to worry about, there is no need to pay a tax on water from a well for individuals.