About 70% of all inhabitants of the Earth are carriers of staphylococci. At present, 27 varieties of these bacteria are known, 14 of which are always found on the skin or mucous membranes of a human.
Place of localization of pathogenic environment
With the development of staphylococcal infection in the throat, the appearance of such diseases as angina, gingivitis, stomatitis and others. Excessive number of bacteria in the nose leads to its congestion, a permanent cold. Also, such a defeat can be characterized by a general malaise.
Symptoms of infection
In many cases, people do not even know that they have staphylococcus aureus. Reviews of ordinary patients indicate that only after special examinations it was possible to identify this bacterium. But at the same time there are certain external signs that indicate that the body develops a staphylococcal infection. Such manifestations include:
- a chronic cold;
- causeless elevated body temperature;
- the appearance of abscesses, acne, ulcers on the skin;
- pain in the abdomen, impaired functioning of the digestive system;
- appearance of signs of general intoxication of the body.
In this case, there should not necessarily be all the symptoms to suspect that there was staphylococcus in the nose and throat. Treatment with this should be appointed after the survey. In some cases, the disease can be asymptomatic. But not always it means that there are no problems. For example, if a Staphylococcus aureus is found, treatment will be mandatory.
Symptoms of bacterial multiplication in the nose and throat
The signs of the appearance of staphylococcus in the nose include:
- an unremitting cold;
- temperature increase;
- manifestations of general intoxication.
If the staphylococcus analysis showed that the microorganism struck the throat, then there may be such symptoms:
- discomfort and pain in the throat;
- puffiness of the tonsils, their redness, the appearance of pustules or purulent deposits;
- temperature increase;
- enlarged lymph nodes;
One of the most dangerous is Staphylococcus aureus. It becomes the cause of the appearance of pustules on the skin. Children often develop a rash. If you do not treat such a staphylococcal infection, then the defeat of other organs and systems will begin. There are disruptions in the work of the gastrointestinal tract, they manifest themselves in the form of abdominal pain and flatulence. In this case, children's organisms are the least protected. The bacterium staphylococcus spreads faster through their body, causing the development of various inflammatory processes in the organs and tissues.
It is accepted to allocate four degrees of staphylococcus aureus. In this case, each of them is characterized by a certain degree of activity and requires a different treatment. It is necessary to distinguish staphylococci unconditionally pathogenic, which are destructive for blood cells, conditionally pathogenic, which contribute to the development of a minor inflammatory reaction. In addition, there are saprophytes that do not cause virtually no lesions.
Ways of infection
There are several options for how a staphylococcal infection can get into your body. One of the most common is the contact-household way. Therefore, you need to be careful about hygiene issues. Even minor scratches or splinters must be treated with bactericidal disinfectants.
It is also worth knowing that staphylococcus aureus is also transmitted through stale products (see photo below).
Do not forget that this bacterium is part of the normal microflora. But with a decrease in immunity, it can begin to intensify and lead to serious diseases. Even a seemingly innocuous habit of licking lips on the street is a risk factor. Also increases the risk of infection with pathogenic staphilococcus in those who are used to gnawing nails.
But the most dangerous is the given bacterium for HIV-infected people and patients with oncology. The protective forces of their organisms are markedly reduced, so staphylococcus meets no barriers.
Diagnosis of the disease
Only in specialized laboratories it is possible to make an analysis for staphylococcus aureus. For these purposes, the biomaterial is taken from the mucous membranes of the nose and throat. It is called a bacterial culture. It is important to observe high sterility and to take the analysis according to the established scheme. After all, it is necessary to prevent situations in which other microorganisms can enter the material under study.
Taken samples from the mucous are delivered to a special laboratory, where they can determine if there is staphylococcus in the nose and throat. Treatment, ideally, should be administered only after receiving the results of the analyzes. After all, the laboratory not only determines which bacteria affected the body, but make an antibioticogram. It should be guided by the selection of medicines. Antibioticogram shows which antibacterial agents are sensitive to bacteria. After all, some of them can not cause staphylococcus a harm.
Tactics of treatment
As a rule, the treatment is aimed at removing the causative agent of staphylococcus and performing a full sanation of the nasopharynx. Often prescribe antibiotics such as "Ceftriaxone", "Amoxiclav", "Ciprofloxacin", "Oxacillin" and other means of a wide spectrum of action. But you need to focus on the results of tests, which will show which drugs the bacteria are sensitive to.
Simultaneously with the use of antibacterial drugs, it is necessary to drink drugs that must maintain a normal level of microflora in the digestive tract. You can use tools such as Linex, Lactovit, Biolact and other similar medicines.
Treatment of infection in the throat and nose
Having determined the type and antibiotic resistance of the pathogen, which affected the body, you can start therapy. With an insignificant concentration of bacteria, an infection can be destroyed with the help of local drugs. Staphylococcus is treated with special antimicrobial solutions, sprays, broths, infusions. In more severe cases, the use of special anti-staphylococcal agents is necessary.
Supplement to the main treatment may be the appointment of vitamin complexes that can strengthen immunity and improve vitality. Do not forget about the traditional methods of treatment. Of course, they alone will not be enough to fight the infection, but they will help speed up recovery and eliminate staphylococcus aureus in adults. With the use of folk methods in the treatment of children must be spicy, because the decoctions of many herbs can be given only with 12 years.
In the nose, you can dig in oil droplets "Chlorophyllipt", and alcoholic with the same name solution you can wash its cavity. You can also use the famous antiseptic "Furacilin". Increase the immunity of mucous membranes can be done with the help of the IRS-19.
When pregnancy requires a special approach to treatment. After all, not all antibacterial drugs are allowed for future mothers, therefore, a therapist should select medicines.
Features of getting rid of infection in pregnant and toddlers
When choosing medicines for future mothers and young children, one must be extra careful. After all, they can not take all drugs. But you should not forget that staphylococcus during pregnancy can cause an irreparable trauma to the health of both a woman and her unborn baby. After all, the infection can be transmitted in utero.
If, however, antibiotics can not be managed without treatment, then the doctor, as a rule, chooses the most sparing of them. Also, at the same time, the duration of treatment is adjusted to a smaller extent. Emphasis should be placed on authorized folk remedies, local therapy.
To prevent infection, it is necessary to give sufficient attention to preventive measures. These include not only personal hygiene, tracking the quality of products used, but also fighting bad habits. It is necessary to watch for yourself and stop licking or nibbling your lips, gnawing your nails. The leading role is given to strengthening immunity and fighting the manifestations of the disease. So, it is necessary to gargle or rinse your nose several times a day with herbal or hydrochloric solutions.
Choose the most appropriate local means. So, for the treatment of staphylococcus, who settled in the nasopharynx, you can use such a collection of herbs: the root of burdock, the buds of the savory, the leaves of the walnut, the roots of the tri-colored violet, wheat grass, white satin. These plants are ground and poured with boiling water. Drink infusion in between meals for half a glass.
It is also important to saturate the body with vitamin C. For these purposes, you can unlimited quantities of currant, drink broth of wild rose.
Among popular methods, rinse with water fir extract is popular. Also, many recommend daily use half a kilogram of pulp apricot. This amount of fruit can be divided into several times.
A well proven propolis solution. One teaspoon of chemist's infusion is bred in a glass of warm boiled water. The prepared solution is used to rinse the throat. Also for these purposes, you can use a variety of phytogens. So, for example, you can prepare infusion of calendula, St. John's wort and chamomile, if staphylococcus was found in the nose and throat. Treatment consists of a combination of traditional therapies and rinses.
Inside, you can take such a collection: thyme, ledum, turn, birch buds, yarrow. Half a liter of cooked infusion is drunk in four stages throughout the day.
Doctors as a supplement to complex therapy often prescribe inhalation and quartz nasal cavity and mouth. These methods allow us to weaken bacteria and get rid of the infection in a shortened time.
In order to get rid of staphylococcal infection, in some cases, long-term treatment is needed. Especially it concerns those cases when a golden strain was detected.
Effective therapy will be in cases when only those drugs to which the bacterium is sensitive are used. It is important to pay attention to its quantity. If only carriage was detected, then treatment is not required. Therefore, you should not try to understand the results of the tests yourself and choose the drugs. The use of antibiotics at low concentrations of staphylococci only harms the microflora.
Also, if there is evidence, the doctor may prescribe a special staphylococcal bacteriophage. This agent is intended for the destruction of this conditionally pathogenic microflora. It can be prescribed without combining it with antibacterial agents in case of detection of Staphylococcus aureus. But such treatment is possible provided that the patient does not have complications, and only this strain was found. Such therapy should last 21 days. In combination with a bacteriophage, sorbents are prescribed. You can use the following preparations of Smecta, Enterosgel. It is also desirable to use special immunostimulants.
After the end of the course of treatment, it is necessary to re-assay. If it is revealed that the expected effect of therapy could not be achieved, then another repetition is needed. But in this case, drugs must be changed. After all, this conditionally pathogenic microflora can develop resistance to the action of the same medicines.
After successful therapy, it is necessary to restore the microflora. For these purposes, you can use the preparation "IRS-19", universal vitamin complexes, biological supplements.