Far voyage on the ship is a work that involves risk. The danger of working on the ship is that any incident on board the ship leads to a struggle for buoyancy. There are various ship alarms - signals that alert the crew of the ship of danger and allow you to respond in a timely manner to any incidents.
Anxiety on the ship
Any accident on the ship can lead to serious consequences for the entire ship. However, the alarm is raised not only in case of danger to the ship, but also in case of danger to the crew member. Each member of the ship's crew is always in his place, he is competent and trained to resist panic in critical situations. In the event of an objective or educational need, it is surely included in the overall struggle for the buoyancy of the vessel. Ship alarms are a well-developed system for alerting the entire crew. They not only give general information about the problem, but also give the crew to understand what exactly happened. Depending on the type of alarm, each member of the crew is required to carry out the prescribed actions with the utmost efficiency.
All actions for any of the alarms are fully regulated by the emergency schedule. Regardless of the type of alarm, the ship should not panic. All rescue and emergency equipment is fixed in special rooms, located in the most logical parts of the ship. Thus, each crew member can quickly get to the equipment or rescue means.
Ship alarms on each ship may be different. As a rule, it depends on what kind of waters the ship sails in. There are alarms that are on each ship, and there are specific ones. The list of all alarms, as well as the necessary actions of the crew members for each of them, are in the ship's log and in the emergency schedule.
What is the alarm?
Timely notification of all, without exception, the crew members of the ship - this is a vital necessity. The notification system on each ship is duplicated. There are basic and auxiliary means of alerting the crew. Thus, the ship is protected from failure of all means of warning.
In most cases, ship alarms are given by the so-called bell of a loud battle, it is often called a bell. This is an advanced electric warning system for the crew. Such calls are located on each deck and are triggered at a time when receiving an alert command.
It happens that the bell of a loud battle is damaged and there is no way to give an alarm to them. In this case, ships always have ship whistles and sirens. Whistle is a broad term. In this case, it assumes that the signal can be supplied by any device that has sufficient loudness and is capable of signaling in the right way.
Ship alarms on board can be submitted at once. The ship's alarm system provides almost all alarms, except for some. Any means can be used to feed an alarm. Sometimes all means are applied at once.
Types of alarms on ships
There are general alarms and special ones. General alarms operate on every ship, including the military, and are served in the same way. The actions of the crew may vary depending on the ship.
The main types of ship alarms are:
- Man overboard.
- Attack of pirates.
- A war alarm.
The general alarm
This alarm is given if the ship is in danger and it is necessary to prepare in advance both the ship and its crew. Usually this applies to storms and passes through the waters with ice. However, this same alarm is declared during a fire, a hole in the hull and other dangerous accidents. This alarm is given by a continuous ring signal of a loud battle. The duration of the signal is about 30 seconds. The signal is duplicated several times, the reasons for the signal are reported on the loudspeakers.
When it becomes clear that the ship can not be saved, a general evacuation is declared. To alert the crew, 8 signals are sent. Of these, 7 are short and 1 long. Immediately after the signal was given, absolutely every sailor, without creating panic, begins to act on alarm. It is necessary to dress warmly, put on a life jacket, take documents and follow the instructions of the emergency log. All ship alarms and their signals can be filed in an unusual way, depending on the circumstances. Not every situation can be worked out on exercises. Especially it concerns the boat alarm, because it is served under the most nasty circumstances.
In the event that someone falls into the sea, the alarm "man overboard" is announced. It is served by three long signals. Immediately after receiving the alarm, the rescue team prepares a rescue operation. A sailor who threw a lifebuoy sinking should point to a man overboard with his hand and not lose sight of him.
Each ship has a ship's log and an emergency schedule. They carefully describe the types of alarms on this ship and the actions for ship alarms. This is a very detailed list of responsibilities. Depending on what alarm signal was given, each sailor performs the actions prescribed to him. Such strict regulation of the duties of sailors makes it possible to completely exclude panic and chaos on the ship in the event of an emergency.