Rules of exercise of exercise therapy after fracture of the hand

Among the most common injuries of the upper limbs, one can note fractures of the radial bone, which occur when falling on an elongated arm and are accompanied by such symptoms as pain, swelling and specific deformation of the forearm. To clarify the diagnosis, as a rule, performed radiography, after which the patient is transport immobilization. The main goal of the treatment is a stable fixation of all fragments, anatomical repositioning, as well as the speedy restoration of painless finger and hand movements. If a fracture occurred without bias, the patient is plastered for a month, while the work capacity is restored only after 6 weeks. LFK after a fracture of the arm is appointed immediately after the end of the main treatment. It includes massage, therapeutic gymnastics and physiotherapy. These activities are appointed by the doctor taking into account the motor regime, the site of the fracture, the period of the disease, the chosen methods of treatment and the general condition of the patient.

How to develop a hand after the fracture of the radius at the stage of immobilization

The main goal of the treatment procedures is to prevent difficulties in joint mobility, acceleration of regenerative processes in bone tissue, prevention of muscular atrophy, and psycho-regulating and restorative effects that help the patient learn skills of self-service. LFK after a fracture of the hand involves the use of respiratory and general developmental exercises, which are aimed at loose joints, as well as special occupations, covering the damaged surface. Typically, the patient is assigned training for the development of fingers, forearm and shoulder muscles , as well as the elbow joint. All activities are carried out from standing, sitting and lying. There are also the following forms of exercise therapy after a fracture of the hand: physical therapy, hygienic gymnastics after sleep and independent training.

The tasks of exercise therapy in the postimmobilization period

The goal of recreational physical education at the second stage is the return of impaired movement functions, elimination of muscular atrophy and difficulties in the mobility of the joints. The list of gymnastic measures consists of exercises for the fingers and wrist joint, a separate complex for all the joints of the hand, as well as exercises for resistance and training in warm water. The duration of such procedures varies from 20 to 40 minutes, depending on the patient's condition.

Healing measures during the recovery period

Restoration of the arm after a fracture of the radius is as follows: Elimination of residual complications of trauma, full recovery of all lost functions, general training of a weakened organism and labor rehabilitation. At this stage, the patient is assigned respiratory and general developmental exercises, as well as additional exercises with stretching, resistance and burdening. In addition, elements of acrobatics, swimming and sports games are added. An important role in the exercise of exercise therapy after fracture of the hand is played by mechanotherapy, occupational therapy and outdoor games. Along with such therapeutic measures, it is advisable to use physiotherapeutic procedures, for example calcium electrophoresis and UV irradiation, as well as special massage of the limb fingers, the techniques of which depend on the degree of complications. Useful are phytotherapeutic procedures, such as balneotherapy, mud therapy, laser treatment and electromagnetic therapy.

Similar articles





Trending Now






Copyright © 2018 Theme powered by WordPress.