Man is inextricably linked with the environment that surrounds him. Pollution of the environment is a world problem. In connection with the development of industry, transport and scientific and technological progress, the intervention of people in the habitat has become more significant. This sometimes leads to disastrous consequences. The solution of environmental problems is at the highest level. But even in this case, this process can not be controlled.
The most harmful effect is caused by pollution with chemicals. They are emitted into the atmosphere in huge quantities by industrial enterprises, boiler houses and other organizations. In addition, the concentration of carbon dioxide in the air has increased, which can lead to an increase in temperature on the planet. This can be attributed to the global problem of mankind.
Great damage to the world's oceans is caused by the oil refining industry. Wastes from this area fall into the environment and can cause a failure in the exchange of water and gases between the atmosphere and the hydrosphere.
Agriculture also harms nature. Pesticides, getting into the soil, destroy its structure, and as a result, the ecological system is destroyed. All these factors are the main reasons for the pollution of the environment.
There is also biological pollution of the environment. At the same time, the ecological system that is characteristic of each separate region is destroyed. In it there are atypical types of viruses and bacteria, which have a negative and even destructive effect on the entire system. The cause of biological pollution are the release of industrial wastes into nearby water bodies, landfills, irrigation measures, sewerage. It is from there that harmful microorganisms penetrate into the soil, and then into underground waters.
The greatest concern is pollution of the environment by infections and parasites. Interacting with each other and other inhabitants of nature, they can change their properties and create populations that are disastrous for both animals and humans. Therefore, in recent years, the incidence of infection of people with dangerous infectious diseases has increased.
Humanity, engaged in new biotechnologies and experiments at the gene level, can cause irreparable harm to nature and all living organisms. Neglect of elementary safety rules leads to the release of hazardous substances and microorganisms into nature. In this case, the gene pool of mankind may suffer.
Radioactive pollution is one of the most dangerous. The consequences of such a catastrophe can become irreparable. As a result, the radioactive background increases, which is natural for the atmosphere. This occurs at the time of nuclear explosions, accidents at sites with increased danger, as a result of coal mining (in the case of field explosions). And again the person initiates these phenomena.
The development of science led to the discovery of new sources of radiation, which are created artificially. This became a potential danger for the whole world. The possibilities of such sources are much more natural, to which the environment has adapted.
The increase in the radiation background was the result of the application of some technical and scientific developments (X-rays, medical diagnostic devices, etc.) Also the reason can be called the development of new deposits and the extraction of some minerals. Reactions using radioactive substances lead to a violation of the general background. The use and production of nuclear weapons has become a problem for the entire world community.
Thus, pollution of the environment is due to people's fault. To prevent a catastrophe, you should take care of nature more carefully.