EducationSecondary education and schools

Moral education of schoolchildren

More often in the media, there are reports of acts of child and adolescent cruelty. And this brutality is directed both at peers and at older persons. There are also often conflicts on national grounds with the participation of young people.

In the light of this issue, the moral education of schoolchildren has acquired an exceptionally important character, which is reflected in the new GEF. The state officially recognized that this is already a problem not of individual individuals, but of the whole society. And it must be solved centrally.

Moral education of children must begin in the family. By school, the child must already learn to distinguish between good and evil, good and bad, "can" and "not." After all, these simple, at first glance, concepts are the foundation of what we call the "moral education of schoolchildren." At the same time, one should take into account the fact that personality education is a continuous process in which its correct attitude to itself and the surrounding world is formed.

Moral education of schoolchildren should, first of all, form such moral categories as patriotism, citizenship , social solidarity, family, as well as the desire for work and creativity, the development of science, culture, art. That is, all those categories, the availability of which allows citizens to develop and maintain their identity.

In the years of study, the moral education of junior schoolchildren is almost a fundamental step in the development of the personality. Therefore, the upbringing of a person who is healthy in the spiritual plane should be conducted already in the primary classes by the joint efforts of parents and teachers, and not spontaneously, but regularly and systematically. To do this, special programs for the schoolchildren's lesson and after- school activity are created and developed. The latter means direct interaction of the school with the institutions of additional education, sports schools, cultural and educational organizations.

In the process of extracurricular activities, the student must obtain knowledge about the structure of society, social norms, approved and not approved by society actions. Also, he should form a positive attitude to the basic values of society and the ability to interact with other people.

Becoming a schoolboy as a person can help visit the school library, in which, with properly organized work, he will receive additional information in an interesting and accessible form. This is especially true of younger schoolchildren, who are still very receptive to the influence of literature.

The moral education of secondary and senior schoolchildren, in addition to addressing literature, should also be based on other types of activity. For example, for teenagers it will be useful to regularly visit the school museum, work on its maintenance and development. This will preserve and strengthen the continuity of generations. However, the moral education of schoolchildren can not be limited solely to the role of an outside observer - it is the "active" ways of upbringing that are extremely effective. Only by personally participating in a good, truly necessary business, a person can feel all the sweetness of bestowal, see the result of their deeds, understand the significance of their existence.

An example of such an "active" event can be "School fairs", held under the motto "Open Heart". To conduct them requires a long preparation. All students together with parents and teachers prepare for sale goods made with their own hands.

Each class chooses sellers, evaluates the goods exhibited at the fair, conducts an advertising campaign among residents of nearby houses. Directly in the fair itself takes part the whole school team, as well as guests. To attract more participants this event is attached to a holiday, supplemented with a concert of amateur performances. Thus, a large-scale event is taking place at the school.

But the apotheosis of the fair is the fact that all the money received is transferred to the addressee who needs paid treatment. All children should be aware of this, even in some cases, meetings of pupils are held with those who are close to a difficult person. Then it is necessary to inform the school team about how, for example, an operation took place at the child, to convey to them words of gratitude from him and his relatives.

By the time of graduation, the schoolchild must already have fully formed moral priorities and values aimed at striving for the development of the country, creating and maintaining order in it, eradicating manifestations of nationalism.

But whatever it is said, no matter what unique programs are created, they will all be useless without a personal example of the schoolchild's authority of adults. Only with this example will he be able to build a correct model of mutual respect and mutual respect between people, and also to form a patriotic attitude towards the Motherland.

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