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Kosta Khetagurov: biography briefly, photo, creativity Khetagurov Costa Levanovich

Kosta Khetagurov, whose biography evokes the undisguised interest of fans of the true talent, is an artist and sculptor, poet and enlightener, the pride of Ossetia, the founder of the language and literature of this country. The creative heritage of Costa received in the 20th century a world and all-union recognition, and his poems And the poems were translated into many languages.

Kosta Khetagurov's biography briefly: for children

He was born on October 15, 1859 in the mountain village of Nar in the family of Russian ensign Khetagurov Levan. Mother Maria Gubaeva died almost immediately after birth, the father, five years after the death of his wife, created a family with the daughter of a local priest. Unfortunately, she did not succeed in replacing the child with her mother because she had no love for the boy who was not her boyfriend. Costa felt and always tried to escape from his father's new wife far away, to someone from relatives. Therefore, in the work of the poet, in memory of which there is forever an orphan pain and deprived of a mother's caress childhood, often there is an image of the mother and an aching longing for her. Both parents were completely replaced by their father, whom Costa deeply esteemed and idolized.

Kosta Khetagurov: years of knowledge

The boy's training began with a Narva school, and then a progymnasium in Vladikavkaz, which gave a good start to the moral, psychological and aesthetic formation of his artistic individuality. Soon from the gymnasium, Costa ran to his father, who at that time moved to the Kuban region, where he organized the village of Georgievsko-Ossetin (now named after Kosta Khetagurov). This act prompted the parent to arrange a young man at Kalanja School, after which Costa for 10 years from 1871, he studied at the Stavropol Men's Gymnasium, where his cultural development continued. It was here that the first poetic lines were written, of which, to date, only two works have been preserved in the Ossetian language: "New Year" and "Husband and Wife".

In his native Ossetia

In 1881, Kosta Khetagurov, whose biography and work is an integral part of the history of the Ossetian people, became a student of the Petersburg Academy of Arts and received one of two scholarships paid out of the mountain fine by the Kuban regional administration. After 2 years, the payment of the scholarship by the Kuban authorities was terminated; For some time, Costa attended the lectures as an auditor, then abandoned his studies altogether. A young man, always yearning for his native land, his native cultural and linguistic elements, decided to return to Ossetia. Until 1891 he lived in Vladikavkaz, wrote, mostly in Russian, poems and poems, worked as a painter and painted theatrical scenery. Kosta Khetagurov, whose biography is a good example of love and respect for his people, even exhibited his paintings together with the Russian artist Babich AG. He also arranged musical and literary evenings, and from 1888 he was published in the regional newspaper "North Caucasus".

Censorship vs Costa

Like all talented people, Costa had to face censorship. For the first time the feeling that he was writing something forbidden came to the poet when a poem dedicated to the memory of Mikhail Lermontov was not allowed to print. It was published later, ten years later and anonymously. The reaction of censorship is clear enough: in Lermontov, the poet saw a harbinger of the desired freedom that raised people to fight for an honest and great cause. After all, the Ossetian reality of that time was simply terrible: complete lack of rights and poverty, moral and class conflicts, spiritual depression of the people and ignorance, roaming from century to century. The poem "Weeping Rock", "Before the Court", "Fatima", ethnographic essay "Osoba" were devoted to the evaluation of contradictions and the analysis of the surrounding reality. In 1891, for freedom of freedom in the work of Kosta Khetagurov (the biography is briefly described in the school textbooks of Ossetia) was sent out of the native land for 5 years.

Costa was forced to return to the village Georgievsko-Ossetinsky, where his elderly father lived. Perhaps the most difficult period in the poet's life began: he had to take care of an elderly parent, to live with the existence and life of a simple peasant who had been thrown out of the habitual social environment and had no opportunity to apply his talent and accumulated knowledge to any worthy cause.

A difficult period in the life of the poet

In his personal life, too, not everything went well: the matchmaking to Anna Tsalikova - a beloved girl, ended in a polite refusal. The poet's father died. After his death, Kosta Levanovich Khetagurov, whose biography was always connected with creativity, moved to Stavropol. In 1893 he became an employee of the newspaper "North Caucasus", where he worked for 4 years. It was a time characterized by active creative activity of the Ossetian author, therefore these years can rightly be considered a significant step forward: from an unknown amateur poet Kosta Khetagurov became a significant literary figure of his time. In 1985, the newspaper published a collection of his works: they were all in Russian. Also Kosta Khetagurov, whose biography is cognitive for a generation of all ages, also wrote in his native Ossetian language, but poems in this language were not allowed for publication because of the absence of Ossetian publishing and press as such.

Kosta Khetagurov: biography briefly

Soon the poet fell ill with tuberculosis, survived two operations, remaining after them for almost half a year chained to bed. The disease was not completely defeated, health was undermined, but Costa, despite his physical difficulties, tried to actively take part in the literary life and continued to paint.

In 1899 Kosta Khetagurov, whose biography is closely connected with the culture of the Ossetian people, went to Kherson - the next place of exile. The city did not like him, and he asked for a transfer to another place, which became Ochakov. It was here that he learned that Vladikavkaz had published a collection of his Ossetian poems "Ossetian Lira". In the winter of 1899, the poet was informed of the end of the exile, and therefore returned to Stavropol, eager to resume work in the newspaper: his journalism became more problematic and acute. The author takes an active part in all cultural and educational activities of local scale, is engaged in painting, works on the poem "Khetag". The plans are to open a drawing school for gifted children and work as an editor in the newspaper Kazbek. However, his grandiose plans prevented the disease, which finally confined the poet to bed. Since the money for the existence of Costa was practically non-existent (sometimes it was necessary to ask for bread from friends), but the state of health deteriorated, the poet, who demanded care and careful care, was taken to the village by her own sister. Under his supervision, he lived for another 3 years; In this difficult period, Costa could not return to his usual creative activity.

The poet died on April 1, 1906. Subsequently, his ashes were transported to Vladikavkaz.

The creative heritage of Kosta Khetagurov

Only after the death of Kosta Khetagurov did it become clear that a man of unusual character, talent and courage left, leaving behind a significant creative legacy. In his works written in Russian and Ossetian languages, Kosta Khetagurov, whose work was highly appreciated by his followers, spoke out against the oppression of the peoples of the Caucasus and defended their national dignity. He appealed to fellow countrymen with the idea of familiarizing themselves with the creative heritage of the people of Russia, was an adherent of the fraternal unity of the peoples of both countries.

Kosta Khetagurov, whose full biography is full of mostly tragic moments, was also an Ossetian professional painter; In his paintings with great skill showed the lives of ordinary people, wrote landscapes of the mountain Caucasus and portraits of the best representatives of his time.

The main award: the people's love

The object of close attention of numerous researchers was the creative and social activities of the great poet. He installed monumental monuments in the capitals of South and North Ossetia, his name was named the main North Ossetian State University - the main university of the republic. The name of Costa is inhabited by settlements, streets, ships, museums and state prizes. Kosta Levanovich Khetagurov, whose biography is a great pride for the Ossetian people, deserved the most important award: his inexhaustible love.

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